Malaria parasite infection among the pregnant women who attended antenatal care at Oke Iyinmi Primary Health Care Facility, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria

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Authors: Omojola F Olorunniyi, Kehinde Oluwaseun Alo, and Iyabode Olamide Awelewa
Page Range: 165-173
Published in: International Public Health Journal, 14#2 (2022)
ISSN: 1947-4989

Table of Contents

Malaria is a parasitic disease that causes morbidity and mortality among pregnant women in Nigeria. It causes gestational anaemia, low birth weight, miscarriages and stillbirths. A study was conducted at Oke-Iyinmi Primary Health Care Facility, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria to determine the prevalence of malaria parasite infection (MPI) among some pregnant women who attended antenatal between June and August 2021. Blood samples of the participants were screened for malaria parasites. Structured questionnaires were also administered to the participants in order to examine their mosquito avoidance practice. Data were analyzed with SPSS version 20 and probability value of P< 0.05 was regarded as significant. A total number of 241 pregnant women participated in the study. The prevalence of MPI was 51% with plasmodium falciparumas the only malaria parasite observed. No significant difference (P= 0.506) existed on the prevalence of MPI across the age groups. Participants who stayed outdoors at dusk had higher prevalence of MPI than those who remained indoors. But the prevalence of MPI between them showed no significant difference (P = 0.429). The utilization of bed nets among the participants was poor. As the prevalence of MPI was relatively high in this study, controlled interventions are necessary. Such interventions should include chemoprevention, vector control and enlightenment programme. Keywords: Prevalence, malaria, pregnant women, mosquitoes, Ekiti, practice