Looking for a Perfect World: Empirical and Applied Lines

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Juan González-Hernández, PhD (Editor) – Associate Professor Faculty of Psychology, Research Group Health Psychology & Behavioral Medicine, University of Granada, Spain
Antonio Jesús Muñoz-Villena (Editor) – University of Granada, Spain

Series: Psychology Research Progress
BISAC: PSY023000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.52305/KOYM9040

The vision of perfectionism as a multidimensional variable has gained weight in scientific evidence as social functioning sets more rigorous performance standards of an individual or group differentiation in any field (e.g., academic, sports, work, social, religious…). There is a need to establish how we achieve the goals we set ourselves in any field of action, thanks mainly to the creation of valid and reliable instruments to measure it.

In today’s societies, there is an increasing emphasis on how to respond to the demands of the environment as quickly as possible, being effective and achieving the best results. The demands of the environment make it possible to stimulate contextually (if they are seen as traits) and to construct perfectionist patterns and attitudes (if they are understood as learned cognitions or behaviors), which are usually associated with agonizing feelings of devaluation, incapacity or psychological vulnerability.

Perfectionists are characterized by setting their goals too high as they are always on a quest to do things perfectly. In cases where they cannot do something perfectly, they do not even try, or they live with significant suffering that floods their lives, causing feelings of dissatisfaction and affecting their self-esteem, mainly because their attention is reduced to focusing only on the end of the tasks they perform, leaving the development of the task in the background.

People who seek to do things perfectly are rigid when it comes to carrying them out, causing difficulty in adapting to changes, and preventing them from enjoying the present moment or taking advantage of their mistakes to improve themselves. In the same way, we can say that they reject reality, or at least they are reluctant to experience it in a way that is very different from the way they shape it. It is impossible to make everything perfect, as all people make mistakes, but perfectionists conceive failure as an expression of their maladjustment and for this reason, they generate high levels of anxiety, becoming people who try to control everything around them.

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Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. Perfectionism, Catastrophic Thoughts and History of Injuries. Relevance for Psychological Vulnerability in Young Spanish Athletes
(J. González-Hernández, L.M. Ramos-Pastrana and A. Olmedilla-Zafra – Health Psychology/Behavioral Medicine Research Group CTS-267, University of Granada, Granada, Spain, et al.)

Chapter 2. Fear of Making Mistakes and Perfectionism in Adolescents: How Much of It Leads to an Aggressive Response to Others?
(M.C. Manzano-Hidalgo, G. Carlo and J. González-Hernández – Health Psychology/Behavioral Medicine Group CTS-267, University of Granada, Granada, Spain, et al.)

Chapter 3. Perfectionism and Health-Related Behaviors: Why What I Do to Be Healthy is Healthy, or Can Become Unhealthy?
(R. Lara-Moreno, A. Ogallar-Blanco and D. Godoy-Izquierdo – Dep. Social Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Granada, Granada, Spain, et al.)

Chapter 4. The Spanish Version of the Perfectionistic Self-Presentation Scale-Junior Form: Psychometric Validation and Associations with School Refusal
(María del Pilar Aparicio-Flores, María Vicent, Ricardo Sanmartín and Carolina Gonzálvez – Department of General Didactics and Specific Didactics, University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain, et al.)

Chapter 5. The Price of Perfection: The Link Between Perfectionism and Suicidal Behavior
(Andres Pemau, Patricia Diaz-Carracedo, Veronica Fernandez-Rodrigues and Alejandro de la Torre-Luque – Department of Psychology, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain, et al.)

Chapter 6. Parents’ Perfectionism and Its Relation to Academic Performance, Motivation, Use of Self-Handicapping Strategies and Self-Concept: A Model
(Ivone de Guadalupe Reis – ISPA- Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal)

Chapter 7. Perfectionism and Competitiveness in Sports and Performance Environments
(A. Nogueira-López and D. Nieri-Romero – University of León, León, Spain, et al.)

Chapter 8. Perfectionism and Anorexia Nervosa
(Rosa Behar – Department of Psychiatry, University of Valparaiso, Valparaiso, CL)

Chapter 9. Perfectionism, Self-Efficacy and Affect: Differential Effects on the Performance of Athletes According to Their Feedback
(Antonio Jesús Muñoz-Villena, Marcelo Peñaranda Moraga and Alejandro Martínez-Rodríguez – Head of the Sports Psychology Department, Elche CF, Elche, Spain)

Chapter 10. Passion, Perfectionism and Stage Anxiety in Professional Musicians
(R. Gonzalez-Santana, J.M. Chamorro and J. González-Hernández – University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain, et al.)

Chapter 11. Alexithymia and Perfectionism in Nurses
(M.S. Tovar-Galvez, M. Povedano-Jiménez and A.E. Marín-Jimémez – Nursing Department, University of Granada, Granada, Spain, et al.)

Chapter 12. I Should Be Perfect: Perfectionistic Cognitions in Athletes
(T.C. Donachie – School of Psychology, Faculty of Medical Science, Newcastle University, Newcastle, United Kingdom)

Chapter 13. When Dysfunction Has Its Origin in the Trait. Achieving Flexibility in the Perfectionist
(C. López-Mora and E. García-Chumillas – Faculty of Health Sciences, European University of Valencia, Spain, et al.)

Index

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