Liquid Fuels as Jet Fuels and Propellants: A Review of their Productions and Applications

Mohammad Hossein Keshavarz, Ph.D.
Malek-ashtar University of Technology, Shahin-Shahr, Islamic Republic of Iran

Series: Energy Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: SCI024000

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In recent years, it has been important for scientists and chemical industries to introduce and develop new liquid fuels as jet fuels and propellants for propulsion purposes. Different aspects should be considered for the selection of a good candidate such as combustion performance, desired physical properties, noncarcinogenic and less toxicity. New synthetic hydrocarbon fuels with favorable combustion performance and physical properties have been considered as desirable jet fuels. They can be used in aircrafts such as military jets because of their higher volumetric energy density. A liquid-propellant rocket uses liquid propellants for propulsion. Liquid propellants should have the desirable properties of high energy density per unit mass, high specific impulse, and short ignition delays. Hypergolic propellants as important classes of liquid propellants are characterized by spontaneous reaction upon fuel and oxidizer mixing and high energy yield. Moreover, they should be relatively ignitable and have a small ignition time delay.

This book reviews some efforts that have been done to introduce new candidates for replacing conventional hydrazine fuels because they are acutely toxic and suspected carcinogens, costly safety precautions and handling procedures are required. It describes the latest advances in liquid fuels, which may be used as jet fuels and liquid propellants. Important properties for assessment of a suitable liquid are demonstrated. This book can be used for graduate students in the field of chemistry and chemical engineering. It may also be useful for scientists and researchers who work on the development of new liquid fuels with high performance as well as those that are non-carcinogenic or have less toxicity.

Preface

Chapter 1. Conventional Liquid Fuels for Propulsion

Chapter 2. Synthetic Jet Fuels

Chapter 3. Recent Advances in Liquid Propellants

Chapter 4. Assessment of Combustion Performance of Liquid Fuels

About the Authors

Index

"To sum up, this small book is a "must" for any chemist and engineer working in the area of liquid jet and rocket fuels - as well as for interested students. Written by M H Keshavarz, the leading authority in his country when it comes to chemical rocket propulsion, the book covers many aspects of both well-established and new liquid propellants such as: physical properties, toxicity, energy density, hypergolicity and stability. This book is more than suitable for graduate students in the fields of chemistry and chemical engineering, as well as for scientists and researchers involved in the field of new liquid fuels which show high performance and reduced toxicity." - Professor Dr. T.M. Klapotke, CSci CChem FRSC, Ordinarius & Chair, Department of Chemistry, Energetic Materials Research, Ludwig-Maximilian University of Munich, Germany

Keywords: Jet fuel; Liquid propellant; Review of recent development; New high-energy density liquid propellant and jet fuel; Synthesis and assessment of a liquid fuel

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