Lignin: Structural Analysis, Applications in Biomaterials and Ecological Significance


Series: Materials Science and Technologies
BISAC: TEC021000

The use of biologically derived polymers is emerging as an important component of sustainable economic development. Technical lignins, derivatives from naturally occurring lignin polymers in woody plants, are generated commercially in large quantities – up to 70 million tons worldwide annually. Besides being burned as fuels, only a small percentage of these lignins are used for various applications because technical lignins present relatively unpredictable structural characteristics and are therefore unreliable feedstocks to make products with consistent and satisfactory quality.

Over the past two decades, there has been great progress in the research and commercialization of lignin-based products and processes that add significant value to lignins. This book provides critical reviews and the latest research results relating to selected fields of lignin structural analysis and applications. Featuring the significant advances in selected topics of the lignin research field, this reference book is for college students and scientists with the intent of promoting further research and innovations in this specialized field. (Imprint: Nova )

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1 – Polyvalent Lignin: Recent Approaches in Determination and Applications (pp. 1-26)
Wanderley Dantas dos Santos, Rogério Marchiosi, Flávia Carolina Moreira Vilar, Rogério Barbosa Lima, Anderson Ricardo Soares, Ângela Valderrama Parizotto, Dyoni Matias de Oliveira and Osvaldo Ferrarese-Filho (Laboratory of Plant Biochemistry, Department of Biochemistry, University of Maringá, Maringá, PR, Brazil)

Chapter 2 – The DFRC (Derivatization Followed by Reductive Cleavage) Method and Its Applications for Lignin Characterization (pp. 27-66)
Fachuang Lu and John Ralph (Department of Biochemistry and Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, The Wisconsin Energy Institute, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Wisconsin, US)
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Chapter 3 – Structural Characterization of Lignin by Syringyl to Guaiacyl Ratio and Molecular Mass Determination (pp. 67-90)
František Kačík, Jaroslav Ďurkovič and Danica Kačíková (Technical University in Zvolen, Zvolen, Slovakia)
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Chapter 4 – Structural Characterization and Thermal Properties of Enzymatic Hydrolysis Lignins (pp. 91-110)
Jia-Long Wen, Sheng Yang, Shao-Long Sun, Tong-Qi Yuan and Run-Cang Sun (Beijing Key Laboratory of Lignocellulosic Chemistry, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, P. R. China and others)

Chapter 5 – Fully Biodegradable Composites of Poly(butylene Succinate)/Enzymatic Hydrolysis Lignin: Structure, Thermal and Mechanical Properties (pp. 111-126)
Linli Xu, Lingdie Meng, Min Wu, Jiangxin Geng and Yong Huang (Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.R. China)

Chapter 6 – Physicochemical Properties and Potential Applications of Lignins from Various Sources (pp. 127-160)
Araceli García, Xabier Erdocia, María González Alriols and Jalel Labidi (Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of the Basque Country UPV-EHU, Plaza Europa, Spain)

Chapter 7 – Kraft Lignins from Spent Cooking Liquors: Structural and Biotechnological Application (pp. 161-192)
Carmen Fernández-Costas, Susana Gouveia, María Ángeles Sanromán and Diego Moldes (Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Vigo, Edificio Isaac Newton, Lagoas, Marcosende, Vigo, Spain)

Chapter 8 – Novel Developments on the Valorization of Lignin-Containing Paper Mill By-Products for the Preparation of Porous Biopolymers (pp. 193-230)
Hervé Deleuze and Marc Birot (University of Bordeaux, Institute of Molecular Sciences, Talence, France)

Chapter 9 – Kraft Lignin As an Adsorbent to Remove Heavy Metal Ions from Water (pp. 231-252)
Marina Šćiban and Mirjana Brdar (Faculty of Technology, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia)

Chapter 10 – Lignin-Based Thermoplastic Composites and Compatibilization Methods (pp. 253-282)
Lei Hu, Tatjana Stevanovic and Denis Rodrigue (Department of Chemical Engineering, and Department of Wood and Forest Science, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada and others)

Chapter 11 – Esterified Kraft Lignin: A Potential Coupling Agent for Wood Plastic Composites (WPC) (pp. 283-308)
Nicolas Mariotti, Tatjana Stevanovic, Denis Rodrigue and Xiang-Ming Wang (Research Center on Renewable Materials (CRMR), Department of Wood Science and Forestry, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada and others)

Chapter 12 – Comparison of Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Esterified and Non-Esterified Kraft Lignins for Biocomposite Application (pp. 309-328)
Diane Schorr, Papa Niokhor Diouf and Tatjana Stevanovic (Department of Wood Sciences and Forestry, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada and others)

Chapter 13 – The Pyrolysis Behavior of Lignins: Contemporary Kinetics Overview (pp. 329-374)
Bojan Ž. Janković (Department for Dynamics and Matter Structure, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia)

Chapter 14 – Lignin Controls on Soil Ecosystem Services: Implications for Biotechnological Advances in Biofuel Crops (pp. 375-416)
Shamim Gul, Sandra F. Yanni and Joann K. Whalen (Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Macdonald Campus, McGill University, Quebec, Canada and others)
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