Lignin Molecular Biogeochemistry: Principles and Practices

Shafi Mohammad Tareq
The University of Nottingham, Malaysia, Jalan Broga, Selangor, Malaysia

Keiichi Ohta
School of Environmental Science, The University of Shiga Prefecture, Hikone, Shiga, Japan

Series: Environmental Research Advances
BISAC: SCI013080

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Lignin has been used as a proxy to study biogeochemical processes and transportation of land derived carbon from land to lakes, rivers, coastal areas and deep marine environments. The literature of such a topic is vast, however, there are few applications of lignin molecular biogeochemistry for reconstructing paleovegetation and climate changes (e.g., the lignin phenol vegetation index; LPVI) and it is not particularly useful unless the molecular level information of terrestrial plants is compiled together in a systematic way.

Chemically, lignin has been regarded as comparatively resistant to various types of degradation in comparison to other plant components such as carbohydrates and hydrocarbons. This book shapes the current state of the art in lignin molecular biogeochemistry research that highlights the potential future applications for this important biomarker for vegetation change and land-derived biogenic carbon transportations. This book provides a unique and thorough look at the application of lignin molecular biogeochemistry to environmental changes and monsoon variability. It also indicates that the application of lignin molecular biogeochemistry for an understanding of environmental changes consists of a biogeochemical approach that has been quite successful, but underused. This book is a new contribution to our knowledge of the lignin molecular biogeochemistry of different geographic locations and climatic conditions.

Preface

Acknowledgements

Chapter 1. Aspects of Molecular Biogeochemistry in Natural Environments

Chapter 2. Lignin Biomarker: a Novel Proxy for Paleovegetation

Chapter 3. Lignin Signature in Freshwater Lacustrine Deposit at Southwest China: Vegetation Changes and Asian Monsoon Variability

Chapter 4. Lignin Signature in Saline Lake Deposit at Northeast China: Vegetation Changes and East Asian Monsoon Variability

Chapter 5. Lignin Signature in Tropical Wetland Deposit: Vegetation Changes and mid-Holocene ENSO Variability

Chapter 6. Lignin Composition of Modern Pollen: An Implication to Biomarker Signatures in Fossil Pollen

Chapter 7. Lignin Molecular Biogeochemistry: Application and Future Challenges

Appendix

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