Lignin: Biosynthesis, Functions and Economic Significance

Fachuang Lu, Ph.D. (Editor)
Biochemistry Department and Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Wisconsin Energy Institute, Wisconsin, US
State Key Laboratory of Pulping and Paper Engineering, School of Light Industry Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China
Fengxia Yue, Ph.D. (Editor)
South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China

Series: Biochemistry Research Trends
BISAC: SCI007000

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Lignin is the main natural resource of aromatic structures on Earth. With the depletion of fossil oil and increased environmental concerns, renewable resources for energy and chemical production have attracted tremendous attention from scientists and engineers. As a renewable aromatic polymer, lignin has been, for a long time, studied in terms of its biosynthesis, structures, reactivities and applications although few portions of lignins available from the industry, mainly pulping mills, have been utilized for various applications. The key for complete and efficient utilization of lignins is that all aspects, including lignin biosynthesis, structures, functionalities, and properties, about lignins should be understood. Another important attribute related to lignin utilization comes from analytical methods essential for our understanding of lignins and mechanisms involved in various processes. This book provides critical reviews and the latest research results relating to selected fields of lignin biosynthesis, functional characterization and applications.

Preface

Chapter 1. Lignin Biosynthesis and Control of Lignin Composition
(Fang Chen, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas, US)

Chapter 2. Monolignol Acylation in Lignin Biosynthesis
(Fengxia Yue and Fachuang Lu, State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China, and others)

Chapter 3. Tricin in Grass Lignin: Biosynthesis, Characterization, and Quantitation
(Wu Lan, Jorge Rencoret, José Carlos del Río and John Ralph, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland; Instituto de Recursos Naturales y Agrobiología de Sevilla, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Seville, Spain, and others)

Chapter 4. Solution-State Multidimensional NMR of Lignins: Approaches and Applications
(Yuki Tobimatsu, Toshiyuki Takano, Toshiaki Umezawa and John Ralph, Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Japan, and others)

Chapter 5. Lignin Condensation and Lignin Depolymerization
(Li Shuai, Department of Sustainable Biomaterials, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, US)

Chapter 6. Challenges and Opportunities of Lignin Reductive Catalytic Depolymerization in the Bioethanol Refinary
(J. Faria, B. Gómez-Monedero and M. P. Ruíz, Catalytic Processes and Materials, Faculty of Science and Technology, MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands, and others)

Chapter 7. The Potential Role of Enzymatic Catalysis and Metabolic Engineering in Lignin Valorization
(Wenya Wang, Chen Shi and Robert J. Linhardt, College of Life Science and Technology, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, China, and others)

Chapter 8. Structural Elucidation of Lignin Macromolecules from P-Coumarate 3-Hydroxylase (C3H) Down-Regulated Transgenic Poplars (84K)
(Tian-Ying Chen, Zhi-Wen Li, Han-Min Wang, Bing Wang, Jia-Long Wen, Feng-Xia Yue and Tong-Qi Yuan, Beijing Key Laboratory of Lignocellulosic Chemistry, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China, and others)

Chapter 9. Molecular Design and Controllable Self-Assembly of Lignin Hollow Nanospheres
(Yanming Han, Fuquan Xiong, Gaiyun Li and Fuxiang Chu, Research Institute of Wood Industry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, China, and others)

Chapter 10. Thermal Characterization of Klason Lignins from Softwood and Hardwood Species
(Matheus Poletto, Post-Graduate Program in Engineering of Processes and Technologies (PGEPROTEC), University of Caxias do Sul (UCS), Caxias do Sul, Brazil)

Chapter 11. Lignin and Its Derivatives as Antioxidant, Antiviral and Antimicrobial Agents: Applicability in Human Health Promotion
(Gabriela Vazquez-Olivo, Marilyn S. Criollo-Mendoza, Erick P. Gutiérrez-Grijalva, Manuel A. Picos-Salas and J. Basilio Heredia, Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods, Research Center for Food and Development, Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico)

Chapter 12. Preparation of Dehydrogenation Polymer from Isoeugenol and Biological Activity Characterization
(Yi-min Xie, Xue-kuan Chen, Hou-kuan Zhao, Chen Jiang, Hong-fei Wu, Shu-ying Bi and Zhe-zi Ye, Research Institute of Pulp and Paper Engineering, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, China, and others)

About the Editors

Index

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