Laser Ablation: Advances in Research and Applications

Carola Bellucci (Editor)

Series: Lasers and Electro-Optics Research and Technology
BISAC: TEC019000




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Due to their unique flexibility and high reproducibility, lasers have been traditionally used in processes such as cutting, drilling, machining, welding or cladding. In recent years, with the development of ultrafast laser sources, i.e., laser sources emitting pulses with durations ranging from picoseconds to femtoseconds, lasers also emerged as a new and promising tool for the texturing of virtually all kinds of surfaces. In Chapter One, a brief overview of the lasers and techniques utilised in micro- and nano-surface modifications is presented, followed by a detailed discussion of the surface chemistry and topography effect on bacteria aggregation and adhesion. Also, the role of the laser-induced superficial patterns on the response and sensitivity of bio-implants will be explored in depth. Chapter Two reports on cardiovascular laser application by using the open-irrigated ELMA catheter RytmoLas as an intriguing alternative for catheter ablation of arrhythmias. Chapter Three describes a novel feature designed for ELAI in which different colouration codes for the different metals are applied, enabling a good regional allocation of a specific metal within the tissues. Chapter Four focuses on laser ablation processing of metallic and polymeric thin films used in microelectromechanical systems technology for the fabrication of microfluidic devices with integrated electrodes on printed circuit boards (PCB-MEMS). Chapter Five presents typical micro and nanotextured surfaces created by direct irradiation under stationary and non-stationary conditions and the mechanisms behind their development and growth are discussed. Chapter Six discusses the data about structural and morphological characteristics of nano-sized transition-metal oxides of zirconium and molybdenum produced by laser ablation in water. (Imprint: Nova)


Chapter 1. Short Pulsed Laser Surface Texturing of Implants for Biomedical Applications
Ahmad W. Alshaer, Fatema H. Rajab and Abubaker H. Hamad (School of Engineering, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, Lancashire, UK, and others)

Chapter 2. The Development of a Laser Catheter with Improved Mapping Resolution and Online Monitoring of Lesion Formation during Arrhythmia Ablation
Helmut Weber, Lothar Schmitz, Armin Heinze, Lutz Ruprecht medVet and Michaela Sagerer-Gerhardt (Department Research Development Education, CCEP Center Taufkirchen, Taufkirchen, Germany, and others)

Chapter 3. An At-A-Glance Visualization of Regional Metal Accretion in Tissue Samples via Image Overlay in Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry
Ricarda Uerlings and Ralf Weiskirchen (Institute of Molecular Pathobiochemistry, Experimental Gene Therapy and Clinical Chemistry, RWTH University Hospital Aachen, Aachen, Germany)

Chapter 4. PCB-MEMS: Fabrication of Active Microfluidic Devices by Laser Ablation
Michael Contreras-Saenz, Rafael M. Vargas-Chacon, Jose M. Rodriguez-Delgado, Sergio Camacho-Leon (School of Engineering and Sciences, Tecnologico de Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico)

Chapter 5. Surface Texturing Under Stationary and Non-Stationary Ultrafast Laser Irradiation
V. Oliveira and R. Vilar (Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa (ISEL), Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal, and others)

Chapter 6. An Investigation of the Effect of Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering on Zirconium and Molybdenum Nanostructures Synthesized by Laser Ablation in a Liquid Environment
V. T. Karpukhin, M. M. Malikov, T. I. Borodina, G. E. Val’yano, and O. A. Gololobova (Joint Institute for High Temperature, Moscow, Russia)


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