L-Arginine: Structure, Dietary Sources and Beneficial Effects


Benjamin L. Soto (Editor)

Series: Biochemistry Research Trends
BISAC: SCI007000

Arginine is one of the amino acids with multiple metabolic pathways. Apart from its role in the composition of proteins, it is the biosynthetic precursor of nitric oxide, creatine, agmatine, proline, homoarginine and polyamines. In chapter One of this book, the reasons for and the possible advantages and disadvantages of nutritional arginine supplementation are critically discussed in the light of established biochemical results. Chapter Two summarizes the position and importance of the L-arginine in nitric oxide homeostasis, disbalance of which can be one of the causes of many acute and chronic diseases. Chapter Three provides a brief overview of L-arginine and cardiometabolic health. Chapter Four discusses the use of novel synthetic biodegradable arginine-rich implantable biomaterials and devices for human body repair and reconstruction. Chapter Five reviews beneficial effects of L-arginine supplementation in controlling blood pressure. Chapter Six reviews the recent information about the advantages of using L-Arginine as a dietary supplement to improve reproductive function in certain female domestic animals, such as the ewe, sow, and mare, as well as in female rats and humans. (Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Is Arginine Truly a “Miracle Molecule” ?: A Critical Evaluation of Nutritional Arginine Supplementation from a Biochemical Point of View
András Hrabák and Zoltán Kukor (Department of Medical Chemistry, Molecular Biology and Pathobiochemistry, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary)

Chapter 2. L-Arginine and Nitric Oxide Homeostasis
Martina Antosova, Tomas Buday and Jana Plevkova (Division of Respirology in BioMed, Martin, Slovakia, and others)

Chapter 3. L-Arginine and Cardiometabolic Health: Brief Overview
Gabriela Gutiérrez-Salmeán (Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Anáhuac México Norte, México)

Chapter 4. Novel Synthetic Biodegradable Arginine-rich Implantable Biomaterials and Devices for Human Body Repair and Reconstruction
C. C. Chu (Cornell University, NY, USA)

Chapter 5. Beneficial Effects of L-Arginine Supplementation in Controlling Blood Pressure
Cintia H. Santuzzi, Renata V. Tiradentes and Sonia A. Gouvea (Professor in the University Center of Espírito Santo, Colatina-ES, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 6. The Importance of Dietary L-Arginine Supplementation on Female Reproductive Function in Mammals
Guzman A, Zamora-Gutiérrez D, Hernández-Coronado CG, and Rosales-Torres AM (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana–Xochimilco, Departamento de Producción Agrícola y Animal, Col. Villa Quietud, Coyoacán, México, DF, México, and others)


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