Japanese Civilization in the 21st Century

Andrew Targowski (Editor)
Western Michigan University, MI, USA

Juri Abe (Editor)
Rikkyo University, Fukuoka City, Japan

Hisanori Kato (Editor)
Chuo University, Tokyo, Japan

Series: Focus on Civilizations and Cultures
BISAC: SOC002010

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Volume 10

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Volume 2

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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This book is a comprehensive synthesis of Japanese civilization in the 21st century. It covers all major elements of this civilization with a strong emphasis on how it can develop further in the future. All nations strive for prominence, but few reach it. Over the last 61 years (1965-2016), Japan has achieved this uncommon status. But, where is Japan heading in the 21st century? This question has been asked since the 1990s; Japan has been in a stagnant-deflation stage and has been looking for all sorts of solutions to return to the prosperous times reflecting Pax Niponnica in the 1970s and 1980s.

The context of this situation and some recommendations for the future of Japanese culture are provided in this book. Nowadays, Japan is the third largest economy of the world, second only to China in the 2010s. Its economy performs at near zero growth, due primarily to its aging society, which is actually positive since the Japanese have the longest lifespan in the world today and slow growth does not unsustainably deplete resources and nature. Japan’s new purpose should be in the development of a sustainably wise civilization and its world-wide dissemination. Does Japanese civilization have a chance to trigger another reform and be successful again in the 21st century? This question has been pondered by several co-authors of the book. This monograph is written for those who are interested in the contemporary issues of the world’s globalization and the role of leading countries in this process. With this in mind, students, faculty, social and political activists from around the world should be interested in this book.

Foreword

Part I. Civilizing Society

Chapter 1. Civilization Index and Japanese Civilization
Andrew Targowski (Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA, President Emeritus of the International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations)

Chapter 2. The Japanese Civilization in the Civilization Network
Michinori Kobayashi (Philosopher)

Chapter 3. The Making of Modern Japan and Western Civilization
Juri Abe (Rikkyo University, Tokyo, Japan, Vice-President of the Japanese Society for the Comparative Study of Civilization)

Chapter 4. Japanese Self-Consciousnes and Modernization, in Comparison with an Indonesian Case
Hisanori Kato (Chuo University, Vice-President of the International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations, Japan)

Part II. Civilizing Culture

Chapter 5. Shintô Religion and Japanese Civilization
Toji Kamata (Institute of Grief Care, Sophia University, Professor Emeritus, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan)

Chapter 6. The Transition of Landscape Conservation Thought in Japan
Makoto Akasaka (Chiba University, Japan)

Chapter 7. The Role of Calendars in the Management of Japanese Civilization: From an Eco-System to a Civilization System and to an Eco-Civilization System
Hirochika Nakamaki (Suita City Museum, Japan)

Chapter 8. Manga, Which Manga? Publication Formats, Genres, Users
Jaqueline Berndt (Kyoto Seika University, Kyoto, Japan)

Part III. Civilizing Infrastructure

Chapter 9. Disaster Severity and Disaster Mitigation in Japan
Kenichi Harada (President of Shiseikan University, Japan)

Chapter 10. How Infrastructure Advances and Limits Japanese Civilization in the 21st Century
Andrew Targowski (Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA, President Emeritus of the International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations)

Chapter 11. The Information Society and Japanese Civilization
Andrew Targowski (Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA, President Emeritus of the International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations)

Part IV. Japanese Civilization Globalizing or Universalizing?

Chapter 12. Japanese Civilization versus Global Civilization in the 21st Century
Andrew Targowski (Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA, President Emeritus of the International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations)

Chapter 13. Where is Japana Heading?
Andrew Targowski (Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA, President Emeritus of the International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations)

Afterword

List of Contributors

Index

The book is written for social scientists, political scientists, historians, business scholars and executives, and politicians.

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