Israel and Palestine: Background, U.S Relations and Foreign Aid


Inès DeGrasse (Editor)

Series: Politics and Economics of the Middle East
BISAC: POL059000

Since Israel’s founding in 1948, successive U.S. Presidents and many Members of Congress have demonstrated a commitment to Israel’s security and to close U.S.-Israel cooperation. Strong bilateral ties influence U.S. policy in the Middle East, and Congress provides active oversight of the executive branch’s actions. Israel is a leading recipient of U.S. foreign aid and a frequent purchaser of major U.S. weapons systems.

The Palestinians are an Arab people whose origins are in present-day Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip. Congress pays close attention—through legislation and oversight—to the Palestinians’ ongoing conflict with Israel. The current structure of Palestinian governing entities dates to 1994. In that year, Israel agreed with the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) to permit a Palestinian Authority (PA) to exercise limited rule over Gaza and specified areas of the West Bank, subject to overarching Israeli military administration that dates back to the 1967 Arab-Israeli War.

Israel’s political impasse with the Palestinians continues. Israel has militarily occupied the West Bank since the 1967 Arab-Israeli war, with the PA exercising limited self-rule in some areas since the mid-1990s. The Trump Administration’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital in December 2017 and its relocation of the U.S. embassy there in May 2018 were greeted warmly by Israel but rejected by Palestinians and many other international actors.
(Imprint: SNOVA)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Israel: Background and U.S. Relations (Updated)
Jim Zanotti

Chapter 2. U.S. Foreign Aid to Israel (Updated)
Jeremy M. Sharp

Chapter 3. Israel and the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS) Movement
Jim Zanotti, Martin A. Weiss, Kathleen Ann Ruane and Jennifer K. Elsea

Chapter 4. Arab League Boycott of Israel
Martin A. Weiss

Chapter 5. Israel: April 2019 Elections and Probable Indictments Against Prime Minister Netanyahu
Jim Zanotti

Chapter 6. Netanyahu’s April 2019 Election Victory: Implications for Israel’s Leadership and U.S. Policy
Jim Zanotti

Chapter 7. So, Now Can Menachem Zivotofsky Get His Passport Reissued to Say “Israel”?
Jennifer K. Elsea

Chapter 8. Israel and Syria in the Golan Heights: U.S. Recognition of Israel’s Sovereignty Claim
Jim Zanotti and Carla E. Humud

Chapter 9. The Palestinians: Background and U.S. Relations
Jim Zanotti

Chapter 10. The Palestinians: Overview and Key Issues for U.S. Policy
Jim Zanotti

Chapter 11. U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians (Updated)
Jim Zanotti

Chapter 12. Foreign Assistance: U.S. Assistance for the West Bank and Gaza, Fiscal Years 2015 and 2016


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