Islam and Muslims in Europe

Yehuda Cohen, Ph.D.
Independent Researcher, Formerly – A Postdoctoral Researcher at the Political Science Department of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel

Series: Religion and Society
BISAC: REL037010

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The main subject of this book concerns the Muslim immigrants in Europe. It includes the entire history of Islam vis-a-vis Europe since the 7th century, prescribing useful do’s and don’ts for current European policymakers.

Europeans have developed negative predispositions toward Muslims, sometimes even distinctly perceiving them as foes. The British greatly value the recollection of their glorious erstwhile empire, thus, when it broke-up, they enabled former subjects of the Crown to settle in the UK, as if to build a miniature duplicate of their empire within Britain’s borders. Hence, the British did not perceive former colonies’ Muslim immigrants as foes, unlike continental Europeans, but as British subjects.

Generally, Europeans intend to fill the individual Muslim immigrant’s needs as a citizen, according to the liberal approach. The expectation, however, is that Muslims, as a group, would become culturally integrated within the absorbing society. That approach bewilders the European Muslims. Many Muslim immigrants experience discrimination in Europe. The continental European approach toward Muslims, stemming from prejudice and fear, made some immigrants aggressive. The main divergence between European society and Muslim immigrants is due, foremost, to certain collective memories of the native Europeans. That insight is elucidated by comparing European and American societies. The American, found in a country built by immigrants, tends to adapt to a variety of new immigrants, Muslims included. Conversely, European society is fundamentally incapable of truly incorporating immigrant culture and practices, which it perceives as a threat, especially concerning Islam. It is, therefore, the Europeans who hold the key to alter the destructive dynamics, not the Muslims.

Muslims and Arabs within their countries suffer the frustration of remembering their Golden Age when the Europeans were deeply mired in the Middle Ages. Nowadays, the Arabs and Muslims have not been able to lift themselves back to their former state. That frustration may be compared to the German frustration in the 1920s being split up into distinct German states – the consequence of which was the mass destruction of the European Jewish population. The splitting of the Germans, while suffering from lack of one uniting national myth, had brought on the adoption of a German race theory – which Adolf Hitler offered to the Germans – and had led to the Holocaust. Frustration may turn people rather aggressive, and Iran or some Arabs (like the members of ISIS) aided by Muslims in Europe might end up using weapons of mass destruction against Europe. The case of ISIS is therefore elaborated upon, in detail, in this book. The successful integration of the Muslims in Europe may help somewhat; indeed, this book aims to promote such an accomplishment.

Introduction

Acknowledgments

Chapter 1. Islam’s Origination and the Southern, Eastern and Northern Invasions of Europe (pp. 1-14)

Chapter 2. Relationship and Ties between Europeans and Islam, Unrelated to Muslim Invasions of Europe (pp. 15-32)

Chapter 3. Fluctuations in Muslim Life from the 1960s to the Present (pp. 33-48)

Chapter 4. The Religio-Cultural Dispute’s Roots (pp. 49-68)

Chapter 5. The Emotional World of Europeans and Muslims in Europe (pp. 69-104)

Chapter 6. A Sympathetic Gaze at the Islamic World (pp. 105-146)

Chapter 7. The Tangle of Emotions, Protest and Terrorist Activities (pp. 147-172)

Chapter 8. A Clash Known in Advance, Dead-End or Assimilation (pp. 173-212)

Chapter 9. The Factors Causing either Integration or Terrorism among Muslims to Europe (pp. 213-258)

Chapter 10. Struggle and Enmity between Islamic and European Cultures (pp. 259-310)

Chapter 11. A Broad Outlook on the Matter and the Formation of Isis (pp. 311-328)

Chapter 12. Weapons of Mass Destruction against Europe: Dangers and Possible Solution (pp. 329-334)

Insight Summary (pp. 335-348)

Epilogue (pp. 349-352)

References (pp. 353-362)

About the Author (pp. 363-364)

Index (pp. 365)

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The book is targeted at both the academia and policy makers as well as to the broad public, since it discusses a most relevant issue to all three types of audiences, especially to:

(a) Scholars of
a. EU political sciences
b. History
c. Religion
d. Terror and Weapons of Mass Destruction proliferation
e. Immigration
f. Human Rights
g. Conflict of civilizations
(b) EU policy makers in both European and states’ levels as well as medium level officers, especially in home security, police, intelligence, public & welfare services, including:
a. European Commission politicians and staff
b. European parliament’s members and advisers
c. Governmental officials and politicians in EU states
d. Leaders in the Arab and Muslim world
e. Policy makers all over the world
(c) European countries’ broad public and,
(d) European mass media journalists and editors.

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