Ionic Liquids: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications

Anson Brooks (Editor)

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications
BISAC: SCI013040

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Research into ionic liquids (ILs) has been a very rapidly growing discipline in recent years. ILs have attracted very considerable attention because of their unique properties, which may be useful in new processes and technologies. They have already been studied for a variety of applications such as alternative solvents in organic synthesis and catalysis, reaction media for biocatalysis and biotransformation, in the separation sciences, electrolytes in batteries and solar cells, alternative lubricants, and as media for tissue preservation.

ILs have excellent solvation properties, are thermally, chemically and electrochemically stable, and their vapour pressure is negligible. Nevertheless, the same properties that make them attractive replacements for other volatile industrial compounds may render them hazardous to ecosystems. This book discusses several topics that include the pharmaceutical aspect of ILs; the application of ILs to lignin extraction and depolymerization; recent developments in ionic liquid toxicity assessments; the role temperature, irradiation and oxidation has on the stability of ILs; and analytical methods for determining the constituents of ILs. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1 - Ionic Liquids: A Pharmaceutical Perspective (pp. 1-42)
Paula C. A. G. Pinto and M. Lúcia M. F. S. Saraiva (REQUIMTE, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Porto, Portugal)

Chapter 2 - Ionic Liquid Application for Lignin Extraction and Depolymerization (pp. 43-62)
Raquel Prado, Xabier Erdocia and Jalel Labidi (Environmental and Chemical Engineering Department, University of the Basque Country, Plaza Europa, Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain)

Chapter 3 - Ionic Liquids As Catalysts for the Imine Base/Isocyanate-Mediated (IBI) Radical Polymerization: Mechanistic Studies and Polymerization Kinetics Control (pp. 63-82)
Ingmar Polenz and Stefan Spange (Max-Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-organization, Goettingen, Germany, and others)

Chapter 4 - The Electrochemistry of Gold Deposition from a Dicyanamide Ionic Liquid (pp. 83-98)
A. I. de Sá, S. Eugénio, C. M. Rangel and R. Vilar (Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Lisboa, Portugal, and others)

Chapter 5 - Exploration of Electrolytes for Zn-Anode Rechargeable Batteries: Room Temperature Ionic Liquids as Major or Supporting Components (pp. 99-124)
M. Xu, D. G. Ivey, E. Dy, W. Qu and Z. Xie (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, and others)

Chapter 6 - Ionic Liquids: Promising Solvents and Catalysts for Conversion of Lignocellulose Biomass into Chemicals and Biomaterials (pp. 125-150)
Huiling Li, Wenju Wang, Shuaiyang Wang, Weiqing Kong, Junli Ren and Runcang Sun (State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China, and others)

Chapter 7 - Application of Ionic Liquids in Lignocellulose Biomass Dissolution, Fraction and Chemical Modification (pp. 151-172)
Wenjiao Ge and Xiaohui Wang (State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering, School of Light Industry and Food Science, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China)

Chapter 8 - Recent Developments in Ionic Liquid Toxicity Assessment (pp. 173-210)
E. Mulkiewicz and P. Stepnowski (Institute for Environmental and Human Health Protection, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland)

Chapter 9 - Assessing the Role of Temperature, Irradiation and Oxidation on ILs Stability (pp. 211-238)
E. Siedlecka, M. Czerwicka and P. Stepnowski (Faculty of Chemistry, University of Gdañsk, Gdañsk, Poland)

Chapter 10 - Analytical Methods for Determination of ILs Constituents (pp. 239-262)
Monika Paszkiewicz and Piotr Stepnowski (Institute for Environmental and Human Health Protection, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland)

Chapter 11 - Phase Behavior Modeling in Aromatics Extraction from Gasoline by Ionic Liquids (pp. 263-280)
Mohammad Ilbeigi, Farnoosh Naziri, Alireza Fazlali, Seyed Foad Aghamiri, Mohammad R. Talaee and Amir H. Mohammadi (Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran, and others)

Index

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