Introduction of Forensic Nanotechnology as Future Armour


Ritesh Kumar Shukla (Editor)
Biological and Life Sciences, School of Arts and Sciences, Ahmedabad University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Alok Pandya (Editor)
Department of Physical Sciences, Institute of  Advanced Research, Gandhinagar, Gujarat – 382426, India

Series: Nanotechnology Science and Technology
BISAC: TEC027000

Forensic Science is an interdisciplinary subject that uses principles and methodologies of various subjects including chemistry, biology, physics, geology, psychology, social science and engineering to help law enforcement agencies to enforce criminal laws and regulations to resolve civil and criminal cases. Body fluids, fingerprints, footprints, illicit drugs, explosives etc. are the evidences that can be found at the scene of crime in trace amount. These evidences are first analysed through screening and then confirmatory methods. During this process, the probability of sample loss is very high, especially when a sample amount is inadequate and therefore does not meet minimum requirement to analyse it. Generally, scientists discuss new-fangled nanotechnology research and its conversation turns to the commercial aspects or potential issues around health, safety, and the environment. In recent years, some of them have shown their interest to integrate nanotechnology with basic sciences and applied for forensic purposes, which are shifting the paradigm of forensic investigation process.

Introduction of Forensic Nanotechnology as Future Armour is the first comprehensive book to consider both fundamental and applied aspects of forensic nanotechnology. This emerging field of forensic science investigates real-time crime scenes and terrorist activities, inquiries, detects the presence of explosive materials, biological indicators, document preservation, fingerprint enhancement and food adulteration using nanomaterial. Scientists and researchers are working on nanotechnology applications that may steer the power of forensic investigation, but the challenges to bring them from lab to the courtroom remain persistent. Moreover, some crucial concerns in forensic science such as analysis cost and time, methods’ effectiveness and wide availability and results’ accuracy and reliability are creating obstacles in forensic investigation and security.

In this book we requested to enrich the scientific content as state-of-the-art in terms of application of nanotechnology in forensic science. In this way, all chapters will emphasise the emerging field of research to solve crime with the help of nanotechnology in various fields of forensic science like detecting explosives, biological indicators, document preservation, latent fingerprint and food adulteration. The integration of laboratory processes onto a nano platform is conceivably the most interesting advancement of nanotechnology highlighted in this book and some more issues like recent research developments, challenges and future opportunities are also addressed in this book.

The book is written for a wide readership including researchers, undergraduate and graduate students from diverse backgrounds such as chemistry, materials science and nanotechnology engineering, physics, life sciences, forensic science, and biomedical engineering. It can be used not only as a textbook but also as a review and reference book. However, because many other nano technological applications for forensic analysis are yet to be studied, this book can be helpful to explore new opportunities. We hope that the chapters of this book will provide the reader with valuable insight as a revolutionary, protective tool in the fields of virtopsy, crime scene investigation, identification, forensic biology and toxicology. We also hope that after reading this book, researchers around the world will be motivated to enter into the field of forensic nanotechnology.
(Imprint: Nova)



Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Introduction to Nanotechnology and Applications in Forensic Science
(Hasmukh Gajera, Department of Physical Sciences, Institute of Advanced Research, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India)

Chapter 2. Integration of Nanotechnology in Forensic Sciences
(Neeti Kapoor, Ashish Badiye, Ritesh K Shukla, Swati Dubey Mishra and Ankit Srivastava, Department of Forensic Science, Government Institute of Forensic Science, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India, and others)

Chapter 3. Application of Nanotechnology in Latent Fingerprint Development
(Paula Raijiwala, Ankit Srivastava and Ritesh K Shukla, Biological and Life Sciences, School of Arts and Sciences, Ahmedabad University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, and others)

Chapter 4. Nanosensor for Body Fluid Identification: Recent Advances and Future Opportunities
(Anjani Prajapati and Alok Pandya, Department of Physical Sciences, Institute of Advanced Research, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India)

Chapter 5. Explosives Detection and Nano Technique
(Anand Lodha, Niha Ansari and Man Singh, Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Science, Mody University of Science and Technology, Sikar, Rajasthan, India, and others)

Chapter 6. Exploiting the Potential of DNA Fingerprinting in Forensic Science
(Gargi Bhattacharjee, Khushal Khambhati, Nisarg Gohil, Happy Panchasara, Shreya Patel and Vijai Singh, School of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Institute of Advanced Research, Koba Institutional Area, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India)

Chapter 7. Identification of Food Adulterants Using Nanotechnology
(Ramesh Chaudhari and Ashutosh Kumar, Biological and Life Sciences, School of Arts and Sciences,
Ahmedabad University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat)

Chapter 8. Role of Nanotechnology in Forensic Document Examination and Preservation
(Alok Pandya, Hiteshkumar B. Roz and Ritesh K Shukla, Department of Physical Science, Institute of Advanced Research, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, and others)

Chapter 9. Forensic Evidence: Cases, Legal Aspects and Aspects of Nanotechnology
(Heena Goswami and Aathama Kumar, Division of Science and Technology, Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India)

Chapter 10. Nano-Tools for Illicit Drug Sensing: Advances and Challenges in Forensic Investigation
(Niha Ansari, Pinkesh Sutariya and Alok Pandya, Institute of Forensic Science, Gujarat Forensic Science University, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India, and others)



“The intent of this book is to direct results and findings via intermediation of nanotechnology, which is applicable to forensic science. The paradigm of forensic science research is moving toward the development of highly selective, accurate, reliable, rapid, and cost-effective methods for the identification, analysis, and interpretation of physical evidence to determine the truth behind the crime. With the advent of the use of nanotechnology in forensic science, I am sure that this book will be helpful to students, scientists, and researchers to explore and to enhance research opportunities in this diverse field.” – Professor Henry C. Lee, Director, Forensic Research and Training Center, Henry C. Lee Institute of Forensic Science, Distinguished Chair Professor in Forensic Science, University of New Haven, West Haven, CT, USA

“Forensic science, the application of scientific methods and techniques for the purposes of justice, is an interdisciplinary subject. Nanotechnology, which has emerged as a super specialty in the last three decades, leading to tremendous improvement in the analytical methods and techniques in almost every discipline of science, is slowly and gradually infusing into forensic science as well. The present treatise, Introduction of Forensic Nanotechnology as Future Armour, aims to fill the immediate need of a comprehensive book on nanotechnology and its application in various areas of forensic science. I am sure the book will prove to be of immense benefit to the students of forensic science, teachers, members of the judiciary, police, and other law enforcing agencies.” – P.K. Chattopadhyay, Visiting Professor, College of Medicine and Forensics, Jiaotang University, Xi’an, China; Former Professor of Forensic Science, Punjabi University, Patiala, Panjab, India; Ex-President, Indo-Pacific Association of Law, Medicine and Science

“I think that major concerns in forensic investigation and security are on site analysis at trace levels with high reliability because of the chances of losing evidence. This book is definitely motivation to focus on this new area of research to solve the crime on site with the help of nanotechnology in various fields of forensic science, such as detecting explosives, biological mediators, document preservation, fingerprint enhancement, and food adulteration. A must read book for researchers.” – Dr. Shobhana K. Menon, Former Director, School of Sciences, Head of Chemistry and Forensic Science Department, Gujarat University, Ahmedabad, India


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