International Perspectives on Traumatic Stress: Theory, Access, and Mental Health Services

Bita Ghafoori, PhD (Editor)
CA State Univ. Long Beach, Prof. and Dir. of Long Beach Trauma Recovery Center, USA

Yael Caspi (Editor)
Rambam Med. Health Care Center, Haifa, ISR

Stefanie F. Smith, PhD (Editor)
CA School of Professional Psych. at Alliant Int. Univ., San Fran., CA, USA

Series: Public Health in the 21st Century, Psychology of Emotions, Motivations and Actions
BISAC: MED102000

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Traumatic stress caused by events such as violence, terror, natural disasters, political conflicts and poverty – to name a few – is a public health concern of alarming magnitude, affecting all. The long-term effects of exposure to these experiences, especially the concept of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), has been studied extensively and used internationally. The investigation of questions about the universality of the post-traumatic response and its applicability across cultural boundaries has yielded fascinating work on the ethno-cultural aspects of PTSD as well as its presentation in specific cultural groups. However, a gap in knowledge still remains in regards to the potential differences and variations in the meaning and perception of trauma, the impact of extreme adversity, and its resolution and management in different cultures.

This edited book addresses theoretical and practical issues central to the field of traumatic stress from diverse cultural perspectives and provides a valuable resource for a broad audience of researchers and clinicians. The purpose of this book is to draw attention to issues concerning trauma and culture that are outside of the current accepted psychiatric conceptualizations, including PTSD. The chapters in this volume represent carefully selected examples of topics. Some elucidate the multi-faceted and dynamic resources that cultures bring forth to the perception of trauma, adjustment, coping, and recovery efforts, while others shed light on the essential contribution of cultural factors to the understanding of trauma, needs and treatment. Our hope is that these examples can be generalized and applied to all work on trauma. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Acknowledgement

Introduction

Section I: The Concept of Trauma

Chapter 1. The Role of Ibasho in Face of Adversity: Resilience as a Culturally Defined Phenomenon
Kay Yoko Tanaka (California School of Professional Psychology at Alliant International University, Tokyo, Japan)

Chapter 2. Collective Trauma: Wider Ramifications
Daya Somasundaram (Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Jaffna, Jaffna, Sri Lanka, and School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia)

Chapter 3. Sexual Violence against Women: Perspectives of Immigrants in the United States
Pratyusha Tummala-Narra (Department of Counseling, Developmental and Educational Psychology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, USA)

Chapter 4. Hidden In Plain Sight: Women's Experiences of Trauma in the United States
Stefanie F. Smith (California School of Professional Psychology at Alliant International University, San Francisco, CA, USA)

Section II: Needs Identification and Access to Care

Chapter 5. Key Challenges in the Dissemination and Implementation of Guidelines for Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Interventions in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
Jeremy C. Kane, M. Claire Greene, Jura Augustinavicius, Laura K. Murray, Dorothy Kizza, Raymond Odokonyero, Wietse A. Tol (Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA, and others)

Chapter 6. Cumulative Effects of Multiple Traumas in Women Widowed by War and Disaster in the Developing World: The Case of Sri Lanka
Alyssa Banford, Jessica Lambert and Thulitha Wickrama (Alliant International University, San Diego, CA, USA, and others)

Chapter 7. Role of the International Trauma Specialist in Settings with Complex Trauma Needs
Elena Cherepanov (Cambridge College & Lynn Community Health Center, Lynn, MA, USA)

Chapter 8. Posttraumatic Shame: The Key to Unraveling the Effects of Military Trauma on Servicemen from Indigenous Communities. Bedouins in the Israel Defense Forces
Yael Caspi, Ortal Slobodin (Department of Psychiatry, Rambam Medical Health Care Center, Haifa, Israel, and others)

Section III: Interventions

Chapter 9. “Where is the World?”: Psychosocial Intervention with Syrian Refugees
Jacqueline Parke (Department of Psychology, Vanguard University, Costa Mesa, CA, USA)

Chapter 10. Myth-Based Intervention as Cultural Healing from Collective Trauma: Ethnic Chinese Qiang Children after the Sichuan Earthquake of May 12th, 2008
Shuguang Wang (Institute of Sociology, Sichuan Academy of Social Sciences, China, and others)

Chapter 11. Treating Trauma in the Context of Human Trafficking: Intersections of Psychological, Social, and Cultural Factors
Patrick L. Kerr (West Virginia University School of Medicine- Charleston, WV , USA)

Chapter 12. Mental Health Care for Culturally Diverse Victims of Trauma and Violence: A Focus on a Community Based Model
Bita Ghafoori (Department of Advanced Studies in Education and Counseling, California State University, Long Beach, USA)

Section IV: Conclusion

Culture and Drama: Concluding Notes
Yael Caspi, Bita Ghafoori, and Stefanie F. Smith

About the Editors

List of Contributors

Index

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