Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Occupational Safety and Health

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Mehmed Zahid Çögenli, PhD.- Associate Profesor, Occupational Health And Safety, Usak University, Turkiye

Series: Safety and Risk in Society; Public Health in the 21st Century
BISAC: TEC017000; HEA038000; BUS070170
DOI: https://doi.org/10.52305/GBAB2184

First of all, it is necessary to start by evaluating working life as the most important part of our life. How people will organize their social lives, under what conditions they will live and how they plan their future are among the results of work-life balance related to working life. That’s why we spend most of our lives at work. This situation, which affects all of our lives, should be handled and evaluated in every aspect. After all, the biggest factor that determines all our living standards is our role in our working life. One of the determinants of achieving a healthy future is to have health and safety working conditions during the time we spend at work. Therefore, Occupational Safety and Health is one of the most influential phenomena not only in working life but also in all aspects of our life.

Although Occupational Safety and Health has an important place in history, its importance has gradually increased with the industrial revolution. The invention of the steam engine ignited a process in which the whole world competed with each other to change and develop in an instant. Just like the world trying to transform under the influence of the digital age today. Although we are not a generation witnessing the industrial revolution one-on-one, as a generation witnessing the digital transformation and transition to the digital age, it may be possible to better understand how much of a revolution the invention of the steam engine caused by comparing it with the “internet” phenomenon. After all, both have completely changed and developed (evolved) the industrial transformation of the world. The steam engine took over the bulk of the workforce and made production processes both faster and more practical. It has not only transformed the industry, but also been the most impressive actor in many social changes. The desire of people to have better living standards has led to great migrations from rural to urban areas and great socio-cultural transformations. People left their agricultural fields and farms and started to work in factories, and therefore working conditions have changed tremendously. The importance of occupational safety and health has also been better understood in this process and has taken its place as an indispensable part of working life.

In the light of all this, there is almost no scientific discipline left in today’s world that does not accept the importance of occupational safety and health and does not work on it. It is possible to say that many disciplines, from law to psychology, from engineering to basic sciences, from geography to history, from social sciences to health sciences, have become sub-disciplines that directly affect this phenomenon. Occupational safety and health, which needs a multi- disciplinary scientific approach, is based on “keeping the health of workers safe and protected”. The priority in all business lines in the world is employee health. The most important factor that all societies that care about people focus on is keeping employee health safe. Because occupational safety and health are of great importance not only for employees but also for workplaces, their families, society and the government in terms of social, economic and psychological aspects. Employee health has been the focus of working life in all developed countries that have grasped the importance of the issue.

With this study, it is planned to provide benefits both scientifically and socially by emphasizing the importance of occupational safety and health once again. This book, in which 32 scientists from many different disciplines contributed with 25 different studies contributed to literature by revealing how occupational safety and health is affected by digital transformation, its current developments and different aspects. As mentioned above, it is not possible to deal with all aspects of occupational safety and health, which we know to be related to many disciplines, with a single book. However, each chapter has been prepared by scientists who are professional in occupational safety and health in their own discipline and consists of up-to-date research based on scientific foundations. Therefore, this book is of great importance in terms of its scientific contribution.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Chapter 1. Protocols, Applications, and Solutions to Support the Environment, Occupational Safety and Health in Tanneries
Güfte Caner Akin
Abstract
Introduction
Leather Processes in Tanneries
Occupational Safety and Health, Environmental and Chemical Management Hazards in Tanneries
Leather Working Group (LWG
Sustainable Leather Foundation (SLF)
Conclusion
Acknowledgments
References

Chapter 2. Indoor Air Quality and Its Effects on Employee Health
Emine Elmaslar Özbaş and Göksel Demir
Abstract
Introduction
Standards for Indoor Air Quality
Prevention of Indoor Air Pollutant Emission
Conclusion
References

Chapter 3. Occupational Safety and Health Issues in Denim Production
Fulya Yilmaz and Gizem Celep
Abstract
Introduction
Raw Material Processing
Yarn Spinning
Dyeing of Warp Yarn
Weaving
Washing Processes for Denim
Recent Bleaching Treatments in terms of Occupational Safety and Health
Conclusion
References

Chapter 4. Environmental Engineering with an Occupational Safety and Health Perspective
Meriç Yılmaz Salman
Abstract
Introduction
Occupational Health and Safety in Wastewater Treatment Plants
Occupational Health and Safety in Hazardous Waste Facilities
Discussion and Conclusion
References

Chapter 5. Determination of Risks and Solutions in Sewage Works
Selda Bulut
Abstract
Introduction
What are Sewer Works
Classification of Sewer Systems
Dangers and Risks Encountered in Sewer Works
Discussion and Conclusion
References

Chapter 6. Mechatronics and OSH
Oğuz Gora
Abstract
Introduction
Mechatronics and Its Contributions
Conclusion
References

Chapter 7. Industrial Toxic Chemicals and Occupational Health and Safety
Ahmet Gökcan and Göksel Demir
Abstract
Introduction
Change Chemical Substance
Hazardous Chemical Substance
Toxic Chemical Substances
Explanation of Industrial Toxic Chemicals with Examples
Conclusion
References

Chapter 8. Heavy Metals and Oxidative Stress
Erten Akbel and İbrahim Bulduk
Abstract
Introduction
Oxidative Stress and Free Radicals
Conclusion
References

Chapter 9. The Usages of Biomarkers in Occupational Exposure of Workers to Pesticides
Güllü Kaymak and Meliha Koldemir-Gündüz
Abstract
Introduction
Pesticides
Biomarkers of Pesticide Toxicity
Conclusion
References

Chapter 10. Investigation of Lifelines Analysis Methods Used in Working at Heights
Hatice Rumeysa Kızılgöz and Türker Yapan
Abstract
Introduction
Theoretical Perspectives
Methods
Results
Conclusion
Acknowlegments
References

Chapter 11. Assessing Anti-Vibration Gloves Performance Characteristics in Terms of Occupational Safety and Health
Fulya Yilmaz
Abstract
Introduction
Anti-Vibration (AV) Gloves Efficiency
Types of Anti-Vibration Gloves
Conclusion
References

Chapter 12. Hazards in the Textile Workplace and the Importance of Textile Materials for Protecting Employee Health
Gizem Celep
Abstract
Introduction
Main Risk Factors in Textile Workplaces
Conclusion
References

Chapter 13. The Role of Obesity and Obesity-Related Diseases Caused by Workplace Exposure in Occupational Safety and Health
Meliha Koldemir Gündüz and Güllü Kaymak
Abstract
Introduction
Importance of Obesity and the Problems It Causes
Relationship with Obesity and Workplace
Effect of Workplace Conditions on Obesity
The Effect of Low Physical Activity Working Conditions on Obesity
The Relationship between Working Hours and Obesity
The Burden of Obesity on Workplace Costs
Interventions to Prevent Obesity in the Work Environment
Conclusion
References

Chapter 14. Clothing of Health Employees: Antimicrobial Activities and Assessments
Gamze D. Tetik and Güldemet Başal
Abstract
Introduction
Clothing of Health Employees
Antimicrobial Textiles for Health Employees
Test Methods for Antimicrobial Textiles
Conclusion
References

Chapter 15. Radiation Safety in Hospitals
Betül Demirezen
Abstract
Introduction
Conclusion
References

Chapter 16. Perinatal Patient Safety in Midwife-Led Care
Şeyma Çatalgöl
Abstract
Introduction
Conclusion
References

Chapter 17. Employee Safety and Biosafety Practices in Medical Microbiology Laboratories
Elif Aydin
Abstract
Introduction
The Importance of Biosafety in Medical Microbiology Laboratories
Risk Management and Risk Identification in Clinical Microbiology Laboratories
Risk Grouping of Infectious Agents in Clinical Microbiology Laboratories
Spill Scatter Guidelines
Conclusion
References

Chapter 18. Staff Safety in the Operating Room: Ergonomics
Bilgen Arikan and Çiğdem Erdem
Abstract
Introduction
Physical Ergonomic Risk Factors Encountered in the Operating Room
Recommendations for Physical Ergonomic Risk Factors in the Operating Room
Cognitive Ergonomic Risk Factors Encountered in the Operating Room
Recommendations for Cognitive Ergonomic Risk Factors Encountered in the Operating Room
Organizational Ergonomic Risk Factors Encountered in the Operating Room
Recommendations for Organizational Ergonomic Risk Factors Encountered in the Operating Room
Conclusion
References

Chapter 19 . A Review of the Nursing Profession from the Perspective of Occupational Safety and Health
Saliha Esra Eryilmaz and Gönül Gökçay
Abstract
Introduction
Occupational Accidents, Occupational Risks, and Occupational Diseases in Nurses Accidents at Work
Conclusion
References

Chapter 20. Employee Safety in Intensive Care Nurses
Feyza Küçük
Abstract
Introduction
Risks and Prevention Measures Encountered by Intensive Care Nurses
Conclusion
References

Chapter 21. The Role of Physiotherapists in Occupational Safety and Health and the Importance of Occupational Health Physiotherapy (OHP)
Sevtap Çakir
Abstract
Introduction
The Role of Physiotherapists in Occupational Safety and Health
Occupational Health Physiotherapy (OHP)
Conclusion
References

Chapter 22. The Conceptual Overview of Psychosocial Risk Factors and More in the Age of Digital Management
Derya Çevik Taşdemir and Ziya Ersoy
Abstract
Introduction
Occupational Stress
Mobbing
Lack of Participation in Decisions
Heavy Workload
Violence
Lack of Feedback
Inappropriate Occupational Safety Conditions
Long Working Hours
Inadequacy of Corporate Culture
Conclusion
References

Chapter 23. Effects of Institutional Quality Studies on Occupational Safety and Health Activities
Fatih Ulukaya and Adem Durmaz
Abstract
Introduction
The Effect of Quality Management on Organizational Structure
Principles of Quality Management
Occupational Safety and Health in Organizations
The Relationship between Quality and Occupational Safety and Health
Conclusion
References

Chapter 24. Occupational Safety and Health in Gender Focus: An Assessment of Working Women in Turkey
Hanife Candir Şimşek
Abstract
Introduction
Women with Data in the Labor Market
Women in Occupational Safety and Health Regulations in Turkey
The Issue of Occupational Safety and Health of Women in Working Life with a Gender Focus
Conclusion
References

Chapter 25. A Digital Transformation Model on OSH: Smart Health and Safety Systems
Mehmed Zahid Çögenli
Abstract
Occupational Safety and Health
Smart Health and Safety System
Conclusion
References

Index


Editor’s ORCID iD

Mehmed Zahid Çögenli  – 0000-0003-3018-4157

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