Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electricity Markets: International Experiences

Sophia B. Taylor (Editor)
Patrick R. Young (Editor)

Series: Renewable Energy: Research, Development and Policies
BISAC: TEC031010



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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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Many countries, reflecting very different geographies, markets and power systems, are successfully managing high levels of variable renewable energy on the electric grid, including that from wind and solar energy. This book documents the diverse approaches to effective integration of variable renewable energy among six countries: Australia (South Australia), Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Spain and the United States (Colorado and Texas), and summarizes policy best practices that energy ministers and other stakeholders can pursue to ensure that electricity markets and power systems can effectively coevolve with increasing penetrations of variable renewable energy.

There is no one-size fits all approach; each country has crafted its own combination of policies, market designs, and system operations to achieve the system reliability and flexibility needed to successfully integrate renewables. Notwithstanding this diversity, the approaches all coalesce around five strategic areas: lead public engagement, particularly for new transmission; coordinate and integrate planning; develop rules for market evolution that enable system flexibility; expand access to diverse resources and geographic footprint of operations and improve system operations. This book also underscores the value of countries sharing their experiences. The more diverse and robust the experience base from which a country can draw, the more likely that it will be able to implement an appropriate, optimized and system-wide approach. (Imprint: Nova)


Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience
(Jacquelin Cochran, Lori Bird, Jenny Heeter, Douglas J. Arent, National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

U.S. Renewable Futures in the GCAM
(Steven J. Smith, Andrew Mizrahi, Joseph Karas, Mayda Nathan, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)


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