Increasing Athletes’ Engagement and Performance Using the MUSIC Model of Motivation


Authors: Stephan Munz and Brett D. Jones
Page Range: 263-281
Published in: Journal of Contemporary Athletics, 15#4
ISSN: 1554-9933

ISBN: N/A Category:

Table of Contents


Based on research and on our own experience as coaches, we have found that motivation is a key ingredient of successful athletic performance over time. Although maximizing motivation has long been of interest to coaches and practitioners, the vast number of motivational theories, principles, and strategies can be overwhelming and confusing to those unfamiliar with the research. Consequently, there is a need for providing more holistic frameworks to coaches and practitioners that not only summarize the essential findings of motivation research but also make the information more understandable and applicable in practical settings. The purpose of this article is to present the MUSIC Model of Motivation as a framework that can be applied in performance environments by coaches and practitioners to improve athletes’ motivation, engagement, and ultimately, performance. The research-based MUSIC model consists of five components: eMpowerment, Usefulness, Success, Interest, and Caring. We explain each MUSIC model component within the context of sports, provide research evidence and examples related to each component, and suggest strategies that coaches can implement related to each component.

Keywords: Achievement motivation, athletes’ motivation, coaching, peak performance

Publish with Nova Science Publishers

We publish over 800 titles annually by leading researchers from around the world. Submit a Book Proposal Now!