Hydroxyl Radicals: Properties, Functions and Impact

Sidney Pierce (Editor)

Series: Biochemistry Research Trends
BISAC: SCI007000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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In Hydroxyl Radicals: Properties, Functions and Impact, to understand the reaction of OH in detail at the surface of a photocatalyst, an electrochemical analysis of the irradiated semiconductors was attempted via the fluorescence probe method. For the single crystal rutile TiO2 electrodes, the facet dependence on the OH formation could be observed along with oxygen evolution by the photooxidation of water.

In the subsequent study, the authors present the kinetics and mechanism of the gas-phase reaction of CH3CH2OCH2CH2Cl (2-chloroethyl ethyl ether, 2ClEEE) with OH radical using quantum chemical methods. Optimization and frequency calculations of all the species involved in the reactions were carried out at BHandHLYP/6-311++G(2d,2p) level of theory.

The closing chapter is focused on the effect of hydroxyl radical and the regulation mechanism. Host immune systems generate reactive oxygen species) in order to defend microbial pathogens. Reactive oxygen species induce oxidative stress and encompass nonradical oxidants, such as hydrogen peroxide and singlet oxygen, as well as oxygen free radicals, such as superoxide anion radical and hydroxyl radical.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Hydroxyl Radicals in Semiconductor Photocatalysis
(Yoshinori Murakami, Yukihiro Nakabayashi and Yoshio Nosaka, Nagaoka College, National Institute of Technology, Nagaoka, Japan, and others)

Chapter 2. Atmospheric Degradation of 2-Chloroethyl Ethyl Ether (CH3CH2OCH2CH2Cl) using OH Radical: DFT and Kinetics Study
(Subrata Paul, Ramesh Chandra Deka and Nand Kishor Gour, Department of Chemical Sciences, Tezpur University Tezpur, Napaam, Assam, India)

Chapter 3. The Role and Regulation of Hydroxyl Radicals against Microbial Pathogen
(Heejeong Lee and Dong Gun Lee, School of Life Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea)

Chapter 4. Bibliography

Index

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