Hydrocephalus: Prevalence, Risk Factors and Treatment


Merle Reeves (Editor)

Series: Congenital Disorders – Laboratory and Clinical Research
BISAC: SCI026000

Hydrocephalus is an abnormal build-up of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain. In normal circumstance, CSF is produced by the choroid plexus located in ventricles. CSF flows through the ventricular system to the cerebral and cerebellar subarachnoid spaces where it is reabsorbed into the blood circulatory system. Any obstruction of this pathway results in accumulation of CSF, which in turn compresses the surrounding brain tissue and causes the dilatation of CSF pathway spaces and the malfunction of central nerve system. Hydrocephalus may result from either impaired reabsorption or the production of CSF (communicating hydrocephalus) or blockage of CSF flow (non-communicating hydrocephalus). It can be caused by either congenital factors or acquired factors. Knowledge on the etiology and pathophysiology of hydrocephalus is important for the prevention and treatment of this disease. In this book, the prevalence of hydrocephalus is discussed, as well as risk factors and treatment options available. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Hydrocephalus: Etiology, Diagnosis, and Management: Review of Literature
Gautam Dagur and Sardar Ali Khan (Department of Physiology and Biophysics, and Department of Urology, SUNY at Stony Brook, NY, USA)

Chapter 2. Etiology and Pathophysiology of Hydrocephalus
Zhenggang Xiong (Neuropathology Section, Department of Pathology, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA)

Chapter 3. Ependymal Cells in Development and Disease
Diana Vidovic, Michael Piper and Tracey J. Harvey (The School of Biomedical Sciences, and The Queensland Brain Institute, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia)

Chapter 4. Laser Application in Hydrocephalus
Rodolfo Casimiro Reis, Matheus Fernandes de Oliveira and Fernando Campos Gomes Pinto (Division of Functional Neurosurgery of the Institute of Psychiatry, Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 5. MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems) for Hydrocephalus Treatment
Jennie H. Appel, Helen N. Schwerdt, Usamma Amjad, Ruth E. Bristol, and Junseok Chae (School of Electrical, Computer, and Energy Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA, and others)


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