Humanitarianism: Global Issues, Challenges and Perspectives of the 21st Century

Joseph Marchesseault (Editor)

Series: Social Issues, Justice and Status
BISAC: , SOC026000

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In this compilation, the authors analyze the decision making processes involved in legal areas, logistical areas and administrative areas of humanitarian aid by describing real life situations in order to demonstrate dilemmas encountered on a daily basis, creating an ethical and humane framework that is efficient and beneficial to the patient.

Compliance obligations are a longstanding concern of international humanitarian law. Their modalities include national legislation, relevant treaty accession and ratification, and adherence to customary international law. While the linkage connecting international humanitarian and human rights law is acknowledged, less certain is which body of law assumes primary importance under conditions of neither war nor peace. These issues are discussed, as are options for future State engagement in an institutionalising of humanitarian law compliance.

The authors go on to argue that while Libya, Syria and Myanmar have presented us with some overwhelming challenges, this should not deter the international community in responding to violent crimes against humanity. Hence, it is important to review the dynamics of conflict, intervention processes, actors involved, and the international and regional organizations saddled with the duty of intervening.
Based on an evaluation carried out by the authors on the quality of life of post-2010 earthquake victims in Haiti (according to the WHOQOL 100 quality-of-life assessment tool) the final article intends to discuss the evolution of the living conditions of the Haitian population eight years after the earthquake, based on the same criteria. To organize the data collected before and after the disaster, the authors focus on health and medical care; education and access to information; income and occupation; safety; environment; physical space and housing; leisure and free time; family and social network; satisfaction with one’s life and perspective of life; spirituality and personal beliefs.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Humanitarian Aid – New Set up and New Challenges
(Salman Zarka, MD, General Director, Ziv Medical Center, Safed, Israel)

Chapter 2. International Humanitarian Law: The Compliance Challenge
(Roderic Alley, Senior Fellow, Victoria University of Wellington Centre for Strategic Studies, Wellington, New Zealand)

Chapter 3. Atrocious Crimes and the Multifaceted Dilemma of Humanitarian Interventions in World Politics
(Nicholas Idris Erameh, PhD, and Omosefe Oyekanmi, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Chrisland University, Abeokuta, Nigeria)

Chapter 4. Haiti: Quality of Life Eight Years after the Earthquake
(Christina Sutter, MD, Espaço Viver, Fortaleza, Brazil, Ananda Melo King, MD, São Paulo, Brazil)

Index

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