Horizons in World Physics. Volume 304


Albert Reimer (Editor)

Series: Horizons in World Physics
BISAC: SCI055000

In this compilation, the authors describe a volume source of negative hydrogen ions on the basis of Penning ionization gauge with a metal hydride cathode, which plays the role of a cathode and the solid-state generator of working gas.

Next, a study is carried out in two cases of constant and variable charges of dust grains. Consideration of the dust charge variation requires the evaluation of charging currents.

The possibilities of ultra short pulsed laser deposition for modified scratch-resistant surfaces in industrial and optical applications are demonstrated and reviewed.

Additionally, results of investigations on new types of silicon p-n junction diodes are presented. As temperature sensors, these types of silicon don’t have the disadvantages inherent to usual commercial devices when they are employed at low temperatures and in the presence of magnetic fields.

In the subsequent study, it is found that all bodies are characterized by a neutrino halo which is formed by an equilibrium interaction between the surrounding neutrinos and the neutrino field of the atomic nuclei from the object.

The authors match an exterior solution of a spherically symmetric wormhole to the general interior vacuumsolution with specific values of the arbitrary function at the junction interface, thus determining the surface stresses on the thin shell.

In closing, the Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin and anti-Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin symmetries of gauge theories are recapitulated. This symmetry plays an important role in proving the unitarity and renormalizability of these theories.



Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Penning Source of Negative Hydrogen Ions with Metal Hydride Cathode
(Ihor Sereda, Alexandr Tseluyko and Nikolay Azarenkov, Department of Physics and Technology, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv, Ukraine)

Chapter 2. The Effect of Dust Particles on the Propagation of Waves in Quantum Plasma
(Noushin Pishbin, Plasma and Nuclear Fusion Research School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, Tehran, Tehran)

Chapter 3. Functional and Protective Coatings by Ultra Short Pulsed Laser Deposition (USPLD): A Brief Review
(H. Korhonen, K. T. Laitinen and R. Lappalainen, Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland)

Chapter 4. Advanced Silicon Diode Temperature Sensors: Absence of Low-Temperature Instabilities, and Weak Sensitivity to Magnetic Fields
(Vitalii L. Borblik, PhD, Yurii M. Shwarts, PhD, and Marina M. Shwarts, PhD, Department of Electrical and Galvanomagnetic Properties of Semiconductors, Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Kyiv, Ukraine)

Chapter 5. New Era
(Kristina Zubow, Anatolij Zubow and Viktor Anatolievich Zubow, R&D, Zubow Consulting, Germany, and others)

Chapter 6. Composite Wormholes
(Sergey M. Kozyrev, Sergey N. Andrianov, Rinat A. Daishev and Boris P. Pavlov, Scientific Center for Gravity Wave Studies ”Dulkyn”, Kazan, Russia, and others)

Chapter 7. Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin Symmetries and Their Generalizations
(Sudhaker Upadhyay, Department of Physics, K. L. S. College, Nawada, India, and others)


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