Horizons in World Physics. Volume 300

Albert Reimer (Editor)

Series: Horizons in World Physics
BISAC: SCI055000

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Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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In this compilation, the authors discuss how the necessity of the complexification of physics, meaning that all physical quantities must be defined within the field of complex numbers. The results of Shnoll experiments that revealed the fine structure of the distribution of all general measurands, which differed from classical Poisson and Gauss distributions, are interpreted in terms of complex physical quantities, making it possible to estimate magnitudes of imaginary parts and to suggest the time and space dependence.

Next, Horizons in World Physics. Volume 300 reviews studies on synchronization for three different categories of coupled Hamiltonian systems: measure synchronization in coupled classical Hamiltonian systems; measure synchronization in coupled quantum Hamiltonian systems; Hybrid synchronization in mixed quantum-classical systems.

The authors also discuss the underlying source of brain functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), demonstrating their computed inverse MRI method for brain functional reconstruction and motor task mapping using a 7T finger-tapping experiment.

Additionally, the authors develop a mean-field mathematical method to calculate the ground states of antiferromagnets and better understand the applied magnetic-field induced exotic properties. Within antiferromagnetic materials, competitive and cooperative interactions exit leading to substance extraordinary magnetic states.

The fundamental possibilities of constructing a mathematical model the creation of the universe, using special protoparticles of small size and small mass, are discussed. If the basis of processes in the universe is motion, then one can proceed from the basic laws of physics, statistical and thermodynamic equilibrium.

Following this, this collection examines how the conservation of the energy flux in turbulent jets that propagate in the intergalactic medium allows for the deduction of the law of motion in classical and relativistic cases. Four types of intergalactic medium are considered: constant density, hyperbolic decrease of density, inverse power law decrease of density and a Lane–Emden profile.

In the penultimate chapter, a general formalism is explored which allows for the calculation of ground-state vibrational energy of bounded systems directly. The proposed theoretical approach was numerically tested for boron nitride molecular, nanosheet, and crystalline modifications and some other systems within an initial quasi-classical approximation.

The closing chapter discusses the emerging evidence that a fourth flavor of neutrino may exist. The fourth neutrino is known as the sterile neutrino and may participate in neutrino oscillations. These oscillations can be viewed as mass state transitions in parametrized relativistic dynamics.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. On the Complexification of Physics
(V.V. Lyahov and V.M. Neshchadim, Institute of Ionosphere, Almaty, Kazakhstan)

Chapter 2. Synchronization in Classical and Quantum Hamiltonian Systems
(Jing Tian and Haibo Qiu, School of Science, Xi’an University of Posts and Telecommunications,
Xi’an, China)

Chapter 3. Brain Functional Magnetic Susceptibility Mapping by Computed Inverse fMRI
(Zikuan Chen, PhD, and Qing Zhou, PhD, The Mind Research Network, Albuquerque, NM, US, and others)

Chapter 4. Ground and Applied-Field-Driven Magnetic States of Antiferromagnets
(Hai-Feng Li, Xunqing Yin and Zikang Tang, Joint Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education, Institute of Applied Physics and Materials Engineering, University of Macau, Avenida da Universidade, Taipa, Macau, China)

Chapter 5. Probability of Interaction between the Particles of Universe’s Matter
(Vladimir Korolev and Viktor Novoselov, Saint-Petersburg State University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 6. Conservation of the Flux of Energy in Extra-Galactic Jets
(Lorenzo Zaninetti, Physics Department, Turin, Italy)

Chapter 7. On Ground-State Vibrational Energy of Bounded Systems of Atoms
(Levan Chkhartishvili, Department of Engineering Physics, Georgian Technical University, Tbilisi, Georgia)

Chapter 8. Interaction Induced Flavor Oscillations
(John R. Fanchi, Department of Engineering, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, Texas, US)

Index

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