Horizons in World Physics. Volume 298

Albert Reimer (Editor)

Series: Horizons in World Physics
BISAC: SCI055000

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In Horizons in World Physics. Volume 298, the authors open with an examination of the appearance of special properties of nanofractals in various phenomena, such as fractal Au-nanocatalysis, Fano resonance in fractal quantum dots, the role of nanofractals in solar cell interfaces, and the use of different sized DNA fragments in a new separation method.

Following this, a high speed full spectrum Fiber Bragg gratings interrogation is presented, which allows for the full distorted spectrum of the Fiber Bragg gratings to be sampled during a dynamic high strain rate event. This is done by using a fiber coupled high speed swept laser source. By using this method, severe spectra distortion and wavelength shifts can be captured.

This compilation also reviews quantum electrodynamics processes that are relevant for our understanding of neutron star magnetospheres. Several quantum electrodynamics predictions may be tested by observing photons emanating from neutron stars, one of which being vacuum birefringence.

The authors propose a new mechanism where dependence on data selection, theory, and
procedural decision can be explored community-wide. Constant Finder (http://www.constantfinder.org) is a comprehensive automated code and user interface which allows users to make their own procedural decisions, adjust experimental and theoretical values and uncertainties, and pose alternatives to theory within several global data-fitting frameworks.

Lastly, an exposition of developments in inelastic scattering at low and intermediate energies is theoretically and computationally given. The Schroedinger equation is fundamental for understanding nuclear, atomic and molecular sciences. This equation describes quantum systems, particularly dispersion effects. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Nanofractals, Their Properties and Applications
(Boris L. Oksengendler, Nigora N. Turaeva, Abdurashid Kh. Ashirmetov, Nikita V. Ivanov, Olga V. Karpova, Sergey E. Maksimov, Vasiliy O. Pelenovich and Khatam B. Ashurov, Institute of Ion-Plasma and Laser Technologies of Uzbek Academy of Sciences, Tashkent, Uzbekistan, and others)

Chapter 2. High Speed Full Spectrum Interrogation of Fiber Bragg Gratings for High Dynamic Strain Rate Events
(Frederick Seng, LeGrand Shumway, Alec Hammond and Stephen Schultz, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, US)

Chapter 3. Neutron Stars: Macroscopic Objects with Quantum Electrodynamics Properties
(Jérôme Pétri, Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg, Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France)

Chapter 4. A Mechanism for Community-Wide Determination of the Fundamental Physical Constants of QED and the Standard Model
(John C. Martens and John P. Ralston, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, US)

Chapter 5. Inelastic Scattering: Process, Methods and Effects
(Roberto Arceo-Reyes, Omar Pedraza-Ortega, Ariel Flores-Rosas, César Álvarez-Ochoa and Filiberto Hueyotl-Zahuantitla, Facultad de Ciencias en Física y Matemáticas, Universidad Autónoma de Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas, M´exico)

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