Horizons in World Cardiovascular Research. Volume 17

Eleanor H. Bennington (Editor)

Series: Horizons in World Cardiovascular Research
BISAC: MED010000

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Atrial fibrillation is initiated by triggers in combination with underlying atrial substrate. Horizons in World Cardiovascular Research. Volume 17 discusses how innovations in cardiac magnetic resonance imaging techniques, especially late gadolinium enhancement imaging, have advanced our ability to better understand and accurately identify fibrosis in the atrial myocardium of atrial fibrillation patients.
According to the nephron number hypothesis, individuals born with kidneys with fewer nephrons would be at increased risk for hypertension and renal disease later in life. Evidence supporting a role for preterm birth itself as a programming risk factor come from observations demonstrating that the degree of prematurity impacts the severity of hypertension or renal dysfunction observed later in life, indicating a dose-response effect of preterm birth. As such, the authors review this effect in the context of consequences for the mother after pregnancy as well as individuals born during premature labor.

This compilation goes on to discuss venous thromboembolism, a spectrum of disease that includes both deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Venous thromboembolism affects 950,000 patients every year and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality.

Superior mesenteric artery syndrome is a rare clinical entity resulting in partial or complete duodenal obstruction due to compression of the third part of the duodenum. Symptoms will vary depending on the severity, but can be very debilitating. The authors discuss the diagnosis of this rare condition, as well as treatment options.

Next, the surgical anatomy of the superior mesenteric artery is schematized through a subdivision in three segments, each with a different method for surgical dissection, for a better understanding of its surgical anatomy.

The final chapter focuses on the current development of zebrafish models for the screening for cardiotoxic and cardioprotective agents. The administration of endocrine disruptors, cigarette smoke, acrylamide, phthalates and phosphate, heavy metals, inoculation infectious agent, alcohol, surgery and laser light radiations are the major cause of cardiotoxicity in zebrafish.
(Imprint: Nova Medicine and Health)

Preface

Chapter 1. Accuracy of Late Gadolinium Enhancement-Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Assessment of Left Atrial Myocardial Fibrosis and Substrate Remodeling in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation
(Osmar Antonio Centurión, MD, PhD, José Carlos Candia, MD, Laura Beatriz García, MD, Judith María Torales, MD, Orlando Robert Sequeira, MD, Karina Elizabeth Scavenius, MD, and Luis Marcelo Miño, MD, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Clinic Hospital, Asuncion National University, San Lorenzo, Paraguay, and others)

Chapter 2. Preterm Delivery: Cardiovascular and Renal Dysfunction
(Rose Gasnier, MD, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 3. Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) Filters
(Husameddin El Khudari, MD, Khalid Mahmoud, MD, Andrew Gunn, MD, Aliaksei Salei, MD, Ahmed Kamel Abdel Aal, MD, PhD, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, US)

Chapter 4. Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome: Clinical Features, Investigations and Treatments
(Adam G. Hague and Clive J. Kelty, Department of Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield, United Kingdom)

Chapter 5. Surgical Anatomy of the Superior Mesenteric Artery
(Antonio Manenti, Gabriele Melegari, Alberto Farinetti and Gianrocco Manco, Department of Surgery, University of Modena, Modena, Italy)

Chapter 6. Zebrafish Models for Screening of Cardiotoxic Agents and It Exists outside the Ambit of Cardiovascular Research
(Arunachalam Muthuraman, Rajavel Varatharajan and K. Jaya Raja Kumar, Pharamacology Unit, Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Semeling, Bedong, Kedah Darul Aman, Malaysia)

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