Horizons in Neuroscience Research. Volume 48


Andres Costa and Eugenio Villalba (Editors)

Series: Horizons in Neuroscience Research
BISAC: MED057000

The first chapter of this book reviews the main inflammatory processes described for ischemic stroke. In the second chapter, the authors discuss the development, functionality, myelination, pathologies, and molecular regulation of SC motility, further elucidating the significant role that migration plays in the repair of damaged nervous tissue. In Chapter 3, the distal components along with the sensitive receptors and the interconnectivity relevant to the nociception focusing on the modulatory role of the thalamus are examined. In Chapter 4, the origin, development, functionality, physiology, and pathology of astrocytes, further expanding on the significant roles that migration plays in the repair of damaged nervous tissue is looked at. In Chapter 5, the molecular mechanism of the attack of the HSV-1 genome on the cytoskeleton of brain neurons, leading to Alzheimer’s symptoms, and the mechanism of restoration of the cytoskeleton by GMS, are reviewed. Next, the main evidence in literature in order to better understand and define the risks for patients undergoing neurosurgical procedures and taking aspirin is defined. The most common neurosurgical procedures are reviewed, elective or in emergency, summarizing the most important and recent literature evidence about the topic. The authors also try to collect and describe data not only about the hemorrhagic risk, but also about the thrombo-embolic one. In Chapter 7, a case series involving three traumatic brain injury (TBI) participants who underwent resting-state functional MRI scanning and neuropsychological assessments at two-time points is discussed, at one-month and twelve-month post-TBI. Longitudinal studies of TBI can reveal important information regarding the reorganization of the functional aspect of the brain. Untreated head injuries can take a long time to heal, affecting their physical and cognitive activities. The chapter focuses on neuropsychological performance and reorganization in functional connectivity. The authors of Chapter 8 exclusively concentrates on the influence of physical exercise on improvements in cognition and memory. The last chapter reviews the effects of deep breathing exercises on stress reduction.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Epilepsy and Alzheimer’s – Molecular Mechanism, Diagnostics and Treatment. A History of One Mistake
Kristina Zubow1, Anatolij Zubow2 and Viktor Anatolievich Zubow1
1R&D, Zubow Consulting (NPO), Germany
2Dept. Telecommunication Networks Group, TU Berlin, Germany

Chapter 2.  The Role of the Thalamus in Nociception
Alfonso Alfaro-Rodríguez1, Ana Micov2, Samuel Reyes-Long1, Herlinda Bonilla-Jaime3,
Circe Monserrat Vázquez-Bonilla4, Ana Lilia Dotor-Llerena1, Cindy Bandala1,5
and José Luis Cortes-Altamirano1,6,*
División de Neurociencias, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación,
“Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra,” Ciudad de México, México
2Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade.
 3Departamento de Biología de la Reproducción, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, Ciudad de México, México
4Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México
5 Escuela  Superior de Medicina, Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Ciudad de México, México
6 Departamento de Quiropráctica, Universidad Estatal del Valle de Ecatepec,
Estado de México, México

Chapter 3. Physical Exercise Improves Cognition and Memory: A Short Review
Sridevi G
Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital,
Saveetha University, Chennai, India

Chapter 4. Astrocytes Migration and Their Molecular Role in the Recuperation of Damaged Nervous Tissue
Haneesha Vishwa Sai, Ryan Brice and Li Yao
Department of Biological Sciences, Wichita State University, KS, USA

Chapter 5. Molecular Role of Schwann Cell Migration in Repair and Regeneration of Nervous Tissue
Haneesha Vishwa Sai, Ryan Brice and Li Yao
Department of Biological Sciences, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

Chapter 6. Longitudinal Progression of Non-Interventional Traumatic Brain Injury: Resting-State Functional Reorganization and Neuropsychological Assessments
Muhammad Riddha Abdul Rahman1,2,3,  Aini Ismafairus Abd. Hamid1,3,4,  Hazim Omar1,3,4,
Wan Nor Azlen Wan Mohamad1,3,4, Mohamed Faiz Mohamed Mustafar1,3,4,
Mohd Faizal Mohd Zulkifly1,3,4, Azizah Othman5 and Jafri Malin Abdullah1,3,4,†
Department of Neurosciences, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Malaysia
2School of Medical Imaging, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, Malaysia
3Brain and Behaviour Cluster, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Malaysia
4Department of Neurosciences, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Malaysia5Department of Paediatrics, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia,
Kubang Kerian, Malaysia

Chapter 7. A Review on the Effect of Deep Breathing Exercises on Stress Reduction
Dr. G. Sridevi
Professor and Head, Dept of Physiology, SRM Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Chapter 8. Aspirin (Acetylsalicylic Acid) in Neurosurgical Patients: Benefits and Risks for Cranial and Spinal Surgeries
Giorgio Mantovani1,2, MD, Pasquale De Bonis1,2, MD, PhD, and Alba Scerrati1,2, MD
1Department of Translational Medicine, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
2Department of Neurosurgery, Sant’Anna University Hospital, Ferrara, Italy

Chapter 9. Inflammation and Stroke
Arsenio Fernández-Lopez1,2, Oscar Balboa Arregui3 and Javier Tejada4
1Department of Molecular Biology, University of Leon, Leon, Spain
2Neural Therapies SL, Leon, Spain
3Department of Radiology, Hospital de Leon, Leon, Spain
4Department of Neurology, Hospital del Leon, Leon, Spain