Horizons in Neuroscience Research. Volume 24


Andres Costa (Editor)
Eugenio Villalba (Editor)

Series: Horizons in Neuroscience Research
BISAC: MED057000

This book provides readers with the latest developments in neuroscience research. Topics covered include the multiple effects of electroacupuncture on the synaptic efficacy of neuronal ensembles in the spinal cord of experimental animal models of neuropathic pain and their neuromodulation by neuropeptide hormones and cytokines; electrical stimulation for pressure ulcer prevention and treatment of spinal cord injury; the structure and function on the entorhinal cortex with special reference to neurodegenerative disease; recent advances in the understanding of the effects of different ginsenosides on CNS targets and how ginsenosides can contribute to cures for some of the most devastating neurological disorders and neurodegenerative diseases; neuroplasticity and neurogenesis; neuroplastic changes in subjects with deaf-blindness using the topographic distribution maps of the somatosensory evoked potential by stimulation of the median nerve (SEP-N20) pre-CI versus post-CI; vascular functions of dexamethasone, a synthetic GC with a focus on dexamethasone action on the blood-brain-barrier (BBB); the relationship between the effects of GCs on neurosteroid biosynthesis and on cognitive behaviors and hippocampal neural activity; a review of the real case of a patient with subacute combined spinal cord degeneration and pancytopenia secondary to severe and sustained vitamin B12 deficiency; and the role of sex-steroid hormones in anxiety, affective, eating and psychotic disorders.
(Imprint: Nova Biomedical)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1
Multifactorial Influences of Electroacupuncture on Non-Painful and Painful Sensory Pathways in the Spinal Cord: An Option for the Treatment of Neuropathic Pain
(Salvador Quiroz-González, Erika Elizabeth Rodríguez-Torres and Ismael Jiménez-Estrada, Department of Acupuncture and Rehabilitation, State University of Ecatepec Valley, Ecatepec State of Mexico, Mexico, and others)

Chapter 2
What are the Evidence about Electrical Stimulation for Pressure Ulcer Prevention and Treatment in Spinal Cord Injury? – A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
(Liang Q Liu, Julie Moody, Rachel Deegan, Angela Gall, Centre for Critical Research in Nursing and Midwifery, Department of Adult, Child & Midwifery, School of Health and Education, Middlesex University, London, United Kingdom, and others)

Chapter 3
Structure and Function of the Entorhinal Cortex with Special Reference to Neurodegenerative Disease
(Richard A. Armstrong, Vision Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, UK)

Chapter 4
Ginsenosides as Brain Signaling Molecules and Potential Cures for Neurological and Neurodegenerative Diseases
(Ze-Jun Wang and Thomas Heinbockel, Department of Anatomy, Howard University College of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA)

Chapter 5
Neuroplasticity and Neurogenesis: Two Paths, One End
(Rosmari Puerta Huertas, Nursing Service, Marqués de Valdecilla, University Hospital (HUMV), Cantabria, Spain)

Chapter 6
Cross-Modal Plasticity: Pre and Post Cochlear Implant Study in Deaf-Blindness
(L. E. Charroó-Ruíz, F. Rivero Martínez, A. Calzada Reyes, M. C. Pérez-Abalo, M. C. Hernández, S. Bermejo Guerra,
B. Bermejo Guerra, B. Álvarez Rivero, A. S. Paz Cordovés, M. E. Sevila Salas, M Estévez Báez, L. Galán García and A. Álvarez Amador, Centro de Neurociencias de Cuba, La Habana, Cuba, and others)

Chapter 7
Dexamethasone Actions on Brain Vascular Endothelium in Health and Disease
(Malgorzata Burek, University Wurzburg, Department of Anaesthesia and Critical Care, Wurzburg, Germany)

Chapter 8
Dexamethasone Suppresses Neurosteroid Biosynthesis in Human Glial Cells via Cross-Talk with Vitamins A and D
(Hiroomi Tamura, Keio University, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokyo, Japan)

Chapter 9
Vitamin B12 Importance for the Proper Body Condition
(José Luis Cabrerizo-García and Begoña Zalba-Etayo, Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital General de la Defensa, Zaragoza, Spain, and others)

Chapter 10
Sex-Steroid Hormones and Neuropsychiatric Disorders: Pathophysiology, Symptomology and Treatment
(Anna Schroeder, Michael Notaras and Rachel A. Hill, Psychoneuroendocrinology Laboratory, The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia)


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