Horizons in Earth Science Research. Volume 20

Benjamin Veress (Editor)
Jozsi Szigethy (Editor)

Series: Horizons in Earth Science Research
BISAC: SCI019000

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Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Horizons in Earth Science Research. Volume 20 first provides an overview of geodesy throughout the past six decades, providing a short glimpse of emerging technology that is expected to enable rapid advances in many branches of science in the decades to come.

Next, the performance of two wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometers possessing rhodium anode have been compared to assess their usefulness in limnological studies, using bottom sediments from Araxá, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

The authors reviews the applications of infrared absorption spectroscopy in the fields of condensed matter physics and earth sciences. Infrared absorption spectroscopy is mainly associated with interactions between atoms and vibrational phonons of materials.

Additionally, a comparative study held at different drainage systems in Araxá, Minas Gerais, Brazil is presented with the aim of evaluating the performance of The Constant Flux: Constant Sedimentation and Constant Rate of Supply models.

Following this, monazite and rutile geochronology and Zr-in-rutile thermometry are used to understand the thrust age and thermochronology of the Araçuaí/Ribeira Orogenic System-São Francisco Craton transition in southeastern Brazil.

Recent work on neurotoxin-producing microalgae (dinoflagellates) is presented wherein effects from space weather may display the hormetic dose-response, either through geomagnetic activity or solar X-ray flux.

Lastly, the authors provide a soft-computing approach to forecast 30-year-ahead annual rainfall in Tehran, Iran. A time-series of yearly data covering more than one century was used for the design of ensemble projections to understand and quantify the uncertainty associated with intradecadal-to-interdecadal predictability.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Geodetic Imaging: Technologies and Applications
(William E. Carter and Juan C. Fernandez-Diaz, Private Geodetic Consultant, University of Houston, Houston, TX, US)

Chapter 2. Comparative Geochemical Analysis by XRF of Sediments for Limnological Studies
(Daniel Marcos Bonotto and Gabrielle Roveratti, Departamento de Petrologia e Metalogenia, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Câmpus de Rio Claro, Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brasil, and others)

Chapter 3. Applications of Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy in Physics and Earth Sciences
(Ming Zhang, Institute of Materials, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Jianyou, Sichuan, China)

Chapter 4. A Comparative Evaluation of the CF:CS and CRS 210Pb Models Applied to Limnological Studies at Araxá City, Brazil
(Daniel Marcos Bonotto, Ashantha Goonetilleke and Fábio de Oliveira Thomazini, Departamento de Petrologia e Metalogenia, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Câmpus de Rio Claro, Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brasil, and others)

Chapter 5. Thrust Age and Thermochronology of the Araçuaí/Ribeira Orogenic System-São Francisco Craton Transition
(Alexandre de Oliveira Chaves, Luiz Guilherme Knauer, Antonio Wilson Romano, Bruno Augusto Alemao Monteiro, Arthur Lara Ximenes, Carlos Eduardo Vieira, Gabriel Brant Vargas, Marco Antonio Leandro da Silva and Ana Ramalho Alkmim, Institute of Geosciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 6. The Role of Hormesis in Interpreting the Biological Effects of Space Weather
(Paulo Vale, PhD, Sea and Marine Resources Department, The Portuguese Sea and Atmosphere Institute
Algés, Algés, Portugal)

Chapter 7. What Will Rainfall Amount Look like in Tehran during Decades to Come?
(Nazzareno Diodato and Gianni Bellocchi, Met European Research Observatory, HyMex Network, Benevento, Italy, and others)

Index

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