Horizons in Earth Science Research. Volume 17 opens with a discussion about the attainment of a new multichannel seismic profile in the Volturno Basin, located in the Northern Campania continental shelf of the Southern Tyrrhenian margin of Italy. This multichannel seismic profile has permitted geological sections to be constructed and interpreted to study the correlation between seismic units individuated through the seismo-stratigraphic techniques. Next, a conversation about the idea that human built structures can be studied as a geological system is presented. It will be argued that considering human works in the context of geological processes can be traced back, at least, to Lyell’s works that set the foundations of modern Geology. One of the largest plutonic bodies in the European Variscan belt, Moldanubian batholith, is studied for composition, with the findings including coarse-grained, porphyritic I/S-type biotite granites to granodiorites of the Weinsberg suite, (2) two-mica S-type granites of the Eisgarn suite and (3) fine to medium-grained, and I/S-type biotite granodiorites of the Freistadt/Mauthausen suite.
An analysis of satellite gravimetry is presented using several applied methodologies including entropial and information transformations, computing of various derivatives, coherence features and multistatistical characteristics, inverse probability, and advanced downward continuation. This book includes a chapter focused on the chemical and biological properties of the water in salt lakes in order to understand the mechanisms of the organisms adaptation to extreme conditions in hypersaline biotope. The history of the application of radiometric dating of speleothems physically related to rock art is reviewed to show that there are significant issues with both radiocarbon analysis and 230Th/234U analysis of carbonate precipitates in limestone caves. A geochemical and thermochronological study designed for the elucidation of the burial and exhumation history of an extensive pull-apart basin conducted on the East Eurasian longstanding convergent margin is presented. Several tests are described using an S8 Tiger spectrometer from Bruker Co., belonging to LARIN (Ionizing Radiations Laboratory) and UNESPetro (Geosciences Center Applied to Petroleum), IGCE-UNESP-Rio Claro (SP), Brazil. Next, Ions in water samples collected from rivers and wells are examined. In closing, a study comparing surface-to-volume (SV) allometries of natural water bodies and of the living systems inhabiting them is presented.