Horizons in Earth Science Research. Volume 17

Benjamin Veress and Jozsi Szigethy (Editors)

Series: Horizons in Earth Science Research
BISAC: SCI019000

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Horizons in Earth Science Research. Volume 17 opens with a discussion about the attainment of a new multichannel seismic profile in the Volturno Basin, located in the Northern Campania continental shelf of the Southern Tyrrhenian margin of Italy. This multichannel seismic profile has permitted geological sections to be constructed and interpreted to study the correlation between seismic units individuated through the seismo-stratigraphic techniques. Next, a conversation about the idea that human built structures can be studied as a geological system is presented. It will be argued that considering human works in the context of geological processes can be traced back, at least, to Lyell’s works that set the foundations of modern Geology. One of the largest plutonic bodies in the European Variscan belt, Moldanubian batholith, is studied for composition, with the findings including coarse-grained, porphyritic I/S-type biotite granites to granodiorites of the Weinsberg suite, (2) two-mica S-type granites of the Eisgarn suite and (3) fine to medium-grained, and I/S-type biotite granodiorites of the Freistadt/Mauthausen suite.

An analysis of satellite gravimetry is presented using several applied methodologies including entropial and information transformations, computing of various derivatives, coherence features and multistatistical characteristics, inverse probability, and advanced downward continuation. This book includes a chapter focused on the chemical and biological properties of the water in salt lakes in order to understand the mechanisms of the organisms adaptation to extreme conditions in hypersaline biotope. The history of the application of radiometric dating of speleothems physically related to rock art is reviewed to show that there are significant issues with both radiocarbon analysis and 230Th/234U analysis of carbonate precipitates in limestone caves. A geochemical and thermochronological study designed for the elucidation of the burial and exhumation history of an extensive pull-apart basin conducted on the East Eurasian longstanding convergent margin is presented. Several tests are described using an S8 Tiger spectrometer from Bruker Co., belonging to LARIN (Ionizing Radiations Laboratory) and UNESPetro (Geosciences Center Applied to Petroleum), IGCE-UNESP-Rio Claro (SP), Brazil. Next, Ions in water samples collected from rivers and wells are examined. In closing, a study comparing surface-to-volume (SV) allometries of natural water bodies and of the living systems inhabiting them is presented.

Preface

Chapter 1. The Volturno Basin (Southern Italy): Insights into the Seismo-Stratigraphy and Structure of the Campania Plain (Southern Italy)
Gemma Aiello (Istituto per l’Ambiente Marino Costiero (IAMC), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Sede di Napoli, Naples, Italy)

Chapter 2. Geoscience of the Built Environment: A Contribution for the Perspectives on the Anthropocene
C. Alves (LandS/Lab2PT, Landscape, Heritage and Territory Laboratory (FCT UID/AUR/04509/2013; FEDER COMPETE POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007528) and Earth Sciences Department, School of Sciences, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal)

Chapter 3. REE and Y Mineralogy of the Moldanubian Batholith (Central European Variscides)
Miloš René, PhD (Institute of Rock Structure and Mechanics, Public Research Institution, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic)

Chapter 4. Satellite Gravimetry ('Big Data'): A Powerful Tool for Regional Tectonic Examination and Reconstructions
Lev V. Eppelbaum (Dept. of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv, Israel)

Chapter 5. Assessment of Risk Factors, Water Quality and Artemia Characteristics in Three Crimean Hypersaline Ecosystems
I.I. Rudneva, V.G. Shaida (Kovalevsky Institute of Marine Biological Research RAS, Sevastopol, Russia)

Chapter 6. Dating Rock Art via Speleothems: A Critical Review of Results
Robert G. Bednarik (International Federation of Rock Art Organizations (IFRAO), Caulfield South, Victoria, Australia)

Chapter 7. Fission Track Analysis and Trace Element Compositions of Apatite for Thermo- and Tephrochronology of a Cretaceous Event Sedimentary Sequence on the East Asian Convergent Margin
Yasuto Itoh, Paul F. Green, Reishi Takashima, and Keiji Takemura (Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, Osaka, Japan)

Chapter 8. Optimization of an X-Rays Fluorescence Spectrometer for Analyzing a Tantalite Sample
Gabrielle Roveratti and Daniel Marcos Bonotto (Claretiano Faculdade, Av. Sto. Antonio Maria Claret No.1724, Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brasil, and others)

Chapter 9. The Origins of Major Geochemistry in the Natural Waters of the Taklamakan Desert
Bingqi Zhu (Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China)

Chapter 10. A Liquid Leaf and Its SV Allometry
Yury Kamenir (Life Science Department, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel)

Index

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