Horizons in Earth Science Research. Volume 16

Benjamin Veress (Editor)
Jozsi Szigethy (Editor)

Series: Horizons in Earth Science Research
BISAC: SCI019000

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Chapter one reports the results of a radiometric survey performed at the main installations of DPM-Department of Petrology and Metallogeny of IGCE-Institute of Geosciences and Exacts Sciences belonging to UNESP, Rio Claro (SP), Brazil, whose major task has been to realize researches with crystalline rocks. The acquired dataset is presented and discussed in terms of possible implications for human health. Chapter two aims to map the spatial distribution of various land cover types at the surface of the Ghuwaymid sabkha using L1B ASTER data. Chapter three discusses if the zone of shearing is treated as a separate layer (Layer of Lateral Anisotropy and Mass Advection, LLAMA), it can remain isolated from the convecting mantle but be only partially attached to the overlying plate. As such it may serve as a long-lived shallow source for intraplate volcanism if it undergoes suitable metasomatic enrichment. Chapter four applies statistical and geochemical modeling techniques to an extensive major and trace element composition database for 86 samples from eight outcrops. A statistical comparison scheme applied to diverse geochemical ratios discards a genetic link between San Felipe volcanic ashes and regional contemporary magmatic localities. In Chapter five, Subsidence dolines are described. Additionally, the morphological environment of subsidence dolines of glaciokarst, the bearing cover, their size, their morphology and features of their activity are characterised. Chapter six provides new insight into the formation of high-grade precious-metal ores in low-sulfidation deposits. The chapter presents textural evidence for formation of electrum flocs in a boiling environment under epithermal conditions. Chapter seven suggests that a large low shear velocity province beneath Columbia would have triggered mantle plumes after the arrival of 2.0 Ga to 1.8 Ga active subducting slabs in the lower mantle. Columbia breakup attempt could have been started in such Large Igneous Provinces regions, where rifting processes may have occurred. Finally, Chapter eight examines what we define as legally relevant “outer space” and who has legal competence in space to begin with? These issues are considered in regard to potential outer space warfare: its legality, pros and cons, as well as its probability (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. A Radiometric Survey at a Department Dedicated to the Study of Rocks
Daniel Marcos Bonotto and Gabrielle Roveratti (Departamento de Petrologia e Metalogenia, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brasil, and others)

Chapter 2. Mapping Land Cover Patterns at the Ghuwaymid Sabkha, Saudi Arabia Using ASTER Reflectance Data
Habes Ghrefat, Yousef Nazzal, Mahmoud El Wahedi, Nassir S. N. Al-Arifi, Faisal K. Zaidi, Izrar Ahmed and Saeed A. Al-Shaltoni (Department of Geology and Geophysics, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and others)

Chapter 3. Perisphere, LLAMA, and the Integration of Intraplate Volcanism with Plate Tectonics
Alan D. Smith (Department of Earth Sciences, University of Durham, Durham, UK)

Chapter 4. Volcanic Ash-Beds of the Upper Cretaceous San Felipe Formation, Sierra Madre Oriental (Northeastern Mexico): Provenance and Petrogenesis Based on Conventional and Statistical Tools Applied to Geochemical Data
Márton Veress (University of West Hungary, Szombathely, Hungary)

Chapter 6. Particular Distribution of Electrum Enrichments along Sinusoidal-Walled Veinlets and Geological Implications: A Case Study of the Eocene Low-Sulfidation Khan Krum Deposit, SE Bulgaria
Irina Marinova (Institute of Mineralogy and Crystallography, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria)

Chapter 7. Large Igneous Provinces of the Statherian Period as a Result of Subduction and Mantle Plume Activity During the Columbia (Nuna) Supercontinent Breakup
Alexandre de Oliveira Chaves (Institute of Geosciences - Minas Gerais Federal University (IGC-UFMG), Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil)

Chapter 8. Celestial Warfare: Armed Forces and Space Law
Vanessa M. Frese (University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland)

Index

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