Home literacy environment of preschool children: A scoping review


Authors: Wee P Phei, Nur A Abdullah, Nor AM Zain, Masnira Jusoh, and Mohd N Zakaria
Page Range: 325-341
Published in: International Journal on Disability and Human Development, Volume 22 Issue 4
ISSN: 2191-1231

Table of Contents


The purpose of this review was to explore the key instrumentations and dimensions of the home literacy environment of typically developing preschool children and those with disabilities. Search of articles was conducted in five databases. Snowballing technique was used to search articles from the ref-erence list of previous systematic review and meta-analysis studies. From 1,913 articles, a total of 13 articles were retained. Data were charted according to the parents’ and children’s characteristics and five main dimensions of HLE, namely: literacy resources, formal literacy (i.e., reading and writing activities), informal literacy (i.e., shared reading behavior, frequency of shared reading, time of shared reading), parental beliefs and attitude, and children’s interests. Mixed findings in literacy resources, informal and formal literacy, and children’s interests were reported. However, most parents in the studies believed that early education started at home, and they played important roles in facilitating their children’s language and literacy development. The lack of a single, universally used instrument inhibited the ability to synchronize the assessment and outcomes of the home literacy environment across preschool children from different cultural backgrounds and countries.

Keywords: Home literacy environment, preschool, disabilities, scoping review

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