Henri Piéron and Nathaniel Kleitman, Two Major Figures of 20th Century Sleep Research

Claude Gottesmann
Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences, Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Nice, France

Series: Sleep – Physiology, Functions, Dreaming and Disorders
BISAC: PSY024000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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During the twentieth century, only two researchers published world famous, encyclopedic monographs related to sleep. The first of these works appeared in 1913, when Henri Piéron published “Le problème physiologique du sommeil”, which is still a standard reference today. Although multiple researchers and clinicians, such as Economo (1917, 1928), Berger (1929), Hess (1931), Bremer (1935, 1936), Loomis et al. (1937) and Ranson (1939), subsequently published highly important findings on sleep-waking processes, the next fundamental phase was marked by the publication of the first edition of Sleep and Wakefulness, by Nathaniel Kleitman in 1939.

Later, following his discovery of rapid eye movement (REM) dreaming sleep stage in 1953, Kleitman published the masterful second edition of this work in 1963. Later on, several researchers published highly important reviews (Jouvet 1962, 1972, Moruzzi 1963, 1972, Hobson 1988, Steriade and McCarley 1990), although they were directed to more limited topics. The book provides an overview of Piéron’s and Kleitman’s sleep-related papers, placed in their proper historical context. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical )

Abstract

Introduction

Henri Piéron

Chapter 1. Henri Piéron

Chapter 2. Piéron’s Research on Sleep

Chapter 3. Piéron’s Results

Chapter 4. Conclusion

Nathaniel Kleitman

Chapter 5. Nathaniel Kleitman

Chapter 6. Sleep Knowledge at the Period between Piéron’s Final Work and the Beginning of Kleitman’s Research

Chapter 7. Kleitman’s Research

Chapter 8. Conclusion

Chapter 9. General Conclusion

Acknowledgements

References

Index

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