Helium: Occurrence, Applications and Biological Effects


Simon B. Davis (Editor)

Series: Chemical Engineering Methods and Technology
BISAC: TEC009010

Helium is the second most abundant element in the solar system after the hydrogen atom and also the simplest of all atoms. In this book, the authors present topical research in the study of the occurrence, applications and biological effects of helium. Topics discussed include the discontinuous yielding, stress drops and strength of metals in liquid helium; the use of helium with oxygen at pressure as a breathing gas mixture; the physics and chemistry of helium clusters and droplets; the interaction of helium atoms and ions with matter; postseismic leakage of mantle and crustal helium from seismically active regions; weak superfluidity of the nonstationary Josephson effect in He-4 and possible applications; and clean energy from Helium-3 fueled muon-catalyzed aneutronic fusion. (Imprint: Nova)



Table of Contents


Metals in Liquid Helium: Discontinuous Yielding, Stress Drops, and Strength
(E.V. Vorob’ev, V.A. Strizhalo, T.V. Anpilogova, G.S. Pisarenko Institute for Problems of Strength, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine)

The Use of Helium with Oxygen at Pressure as a Breathing Gas Mixture
(Jean-Claude Rostain, Aix-Marseille University, UMR-MD2, Faculté de Médecine Nord, Marseille, France)

Physics and Chemistry of Helium Clusters and Droplets
(J. Peter Toennies, Max-Planck-Institut für Dynamik und Selbstorganisation, Bunsenstraße, Göttingen, Germany)

Interaction of Helium Atoms and Ions with Matter
(Ya. A. Teplova, N.V. Novikov, Yu. A. Belkova, Scobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia)

Postseismic Leakage of Mantle and Crustal Helium from Seismically Active Regions
(Koji Umeda, Koichi Asamori, Ryo Komatsu, Chifumi Kakuta, Sunao Kanazawa, Atusi Ninomiya, Tomohiro Kusano, Kazuo Kobori, Tono Geoscientific Research Unit, Geological Isolation Research and Development Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Jorinji, Izumi, Toki, Japan)

Weak Superfluidity: Nonstationary Josephson Effect in He-4 and Possible Applications
(A.M. Tskhovrebov, L.N. Zherikhina, P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia)

Clean Energy from Helium-3 Fuelled Muon-Catalyzed Aneutronic Fusion
(Cooroo Egan)


Additional information