Heavy Metals and Health

Lance Castillo (Editor)

Series: Public Health in the 21st Century
BISAC: POL012000

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Heavy metals are persistent in the environment and their elevated emission during longer periods of time can cause contamination of the environment. They are emitted in all environmental media, but can also be easily transported between them due to the atmospheric deposition, water runoff, etc., and thus accumulate in the environment or penetrate the food chains. The main routes of human exposure to heavy metals are through ingestion, inhalation or via dermal contact. Hence, there is a need for better understanding of absorption, distribution and deposition of heavy metals in the human body. This information is of a crucial importance for the evaluation of heavy metal potential health implications.

In this book, Chapter One provides an overview of the heavy metal health hazards, presented as a consequence of heavy metal pollution, their availability and cycling between different media in the environment. Chapter Two comprehensively discusses the roles and harmful effects of heavy metals on human health, as well as the sources and techniques of removing heavy metals from the environment. Chapter Three explores the mechanisms of mercury cardiovascular toxicity, with a particular emphasis on its effects toward endothelial cells. Chapter Four focuses on the effects of exposure to soil contaminated by metals. Chapter Five examines antimicrobial functionalized textiles. Chapter Six discusses thallium poisoning. Chapter Seven provides a review of heavy metal pollution, human exposure and public health implications in Nigeria. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Health Hazards of Heavy Metal Pollution
Isidora V. Deljanin, Davor Z. Antanasijević, Viktor V. Pocajt, Aleksandra A. Perić-Grujić, and Mirjana Đ. Ristić (Innovation Center of the Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, Belgrade, Serbia, and others)

Chapter 2. The Role and Health Risk of Heavy Metals in Human Organism
Ivana Savic-Gajic, Ivan M. Savic and Dragoljub Gajic (Faculty of Technology, University of Nis, Leskovac, Serbia, and others)

Chapter 3. Effects of Mercury in the Cardiovascular System: A Focus on the Role of the Endothelium in Vascular Toxicity
Mariana Appel Hort and Marcelo Farina (Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 4. Effects of Exposure to Soil Contaminated by Metals: A Review of the Experimental Approach using Rodents
Flavio Manoel Rodrigues da Silva Júnior, Edariane Menestrino Garcia, Marina dos Santos, Pablo Espinosa Gill, Laiz Honscha Coutelle, Audrey Senandes Campos, Caroline Lopes Feijó Fernandes, Ronan Adler Tavella, Paulo Roberto Martins Baisch, and Ana Luíza Muccillo-Baisch (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande – FURG, Rio Grande, Brazil)

Chapter 5. Antimicrobial Functionalized Textiles: The Role of Heavy Metal Application
Boris Mahltig and Hajo Haase, Hochschule Niederrhein (University of Applied Science, Faculty of Textile and Clothing Technology, Mönchengladbach, Germany, and others)

Chapter 6. Thallium Poisoning: A Mini-Review
Chu-Yun Huang,Chi-Hung Liu and Chin-Chang Huang (Graduate School of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan, and others)

Chapter 7. Survey of Heavy Metal Pollution, Human Exposure and Public Health Implication in Nigeria: A Review
John Kanayochukwu Nduka Jude Chinedu Onwuka and Linus Obi Ezenweke (Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology Research Unit, Pure and Industry Chemistry Department, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria, and others)

Index

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