Heavy Metal Pollution


Editors: Samuel E. Brown and William C. Welton

A heavy metal is a member of an ill-defined subset of elements that exhibit metallic properties, which would mainly include the transition metals, some metalloids, lanthanides, and actinides. Many different definitions have been proposed — some based on density, some on atomic number or atomic weight, and some on chemical properties or toxicity. The term heavy metal has been called “meaningless and misleading” in a IUPAC technical report due to the contradictory definitions and its lack of a “coherent scientific basis”. Depending on context, heavy metal can include elements lighter than carbon and can exclude some of the heaviest metals. One source defines “heavy metal” as “… common transition metals, such as copper, lead, and zinc. These metals are a cause of environmental pollution (heavy-metal pollution) from a number of sources, including lead in petrol, industrial effluents, and leaching of metal ions from the soil into lakes and rivers by acid rain.

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Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Ciliates as Cellular Tools to Study the Eukaryotic Cell: Heavy Metal Interactions
Juan C. Gutiérrez, A. Martín-González, S. Díaz, F. Amaro, R. Ortega, A. Gallego and M.P. de Lucas

Chapter 2. Membrane Transport of Toxic Metals by Ionic Mimicry in Mammalian Cells: Where Do Calcium Channels Fit In?
Carla Marchetti

Chapter 3. Heavy Metal Pollution: Two Studying Cases
N. Calace, N. Cardellicchio, B.M. Petronio, M. Pietrantonio and M. Pietroletti

Chapter 4. Heavy Metals Pollution Associated with Thermal Energy Processes
Helena Lopes, Filomena Pinto and Ibrahim Gulyurtlui

Chapter 5. From Field Studies to Laboratory Experiments for Assessing the Influence of Metal Contamination on Relative Specific Growth Rates of Periphytic Diatoms
Soizic Morin, Michel Coste and François Delmas

Chapter 6. Effects of Heavy Metals on Laboratory Reared Tigriopus Fulvus Fischer (Copepoda: Harpacticoida)
Luigi Pane, Gian Luigi Mariottini, Alessandra Lodi and Elisabetta Giacco

Chapter 7. Synthesis of Alkyl (Lauryl) Poly-Glucoside and Effect of Temperature, Catalyst and Time on Reaction Product
Mu. Naushad and Pallavi Jain

Chapter 8. Heavy Metal Toxicity to Legumes
Mohammad Saghir Khan, Almas Zaidi, Mohammad Oves and Parvaze Ahmad Wani

Chapter 9. Natural and Synthetic Materials for Heavy Metal and Humic Acid Removal
Thanet Terdkiatburana, Shaobin Wang and Moses O. Tadé

Chapter 10. Binding of Bivalent Cations by Charged Polysaccharides from Bacterial EPS
Christian Mayer, Natascha Emmerichs, Guido Furth and Dirk Bergmann

Chapter 11. Phytoremediation of Heavy Metal Contaminated Media
Teresa J. Cutright and Harry van Keulen

Chapter 12. Interferences of Zn2+ and Pb2+ on Cd2+ Biosorption onto Algae Gelidium, Algal Waste and a Composite Material
Vítor J. P. Vilar, Cidália M. S. Botelho and Rui A. R. Boaventura

Chapter 13. Heavy Metals and Motor Neuron Disorders
Julien Praline and Philippe Corcia

Chapter 14. Mercury and Bismuth Film Microelectrodes in Determination of Trace Heavy Metals by Anodic Stripping Voltammetry
V. Rehacek and I. Hotovy


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