Handbook on Herbicides: Biological Activity, Classification and Health and Environmental Implications


Daiki Kobayashi (Editor)
Eito Watanabe (Editor)

Series: Agricultural Research Updates
BISAC: SCI026000

In this handbook, the authors present current research in the study of the biological activity, classification and health, and environmental implications of herbicides. Topics discussed include productive degradation of dichlorprop by transconjugant strains; weeds and their mechanisms of resistance to herbicides; application of 31P-NMR spectroscopy to glyphosate studies in plants; lethal and sublethal glyphosate effects on non-target fish species; chemical properties and genotoxic effects of phenylurea herbicides; action mode of triazines and toxic effects on vertebrates; photolysis experiments on alloxydim herbicide and biological response of its transformation product; glyphosate-resistant weeds in Southern Europe; herbicide paraquat genotoxicity-enhancement by the phenolic antioxidants Dl-A-tocopherl and 2,6-Di-Tert-Butyl-P-Cresol; glyphosate adsorption in a soil depth profile; adsorption-desorption processes and mobility of (4-Chloro-2-Methylophenoxy) acetic acid (MCPA) in Irish grassland soils; pesticides and cancer with a study on the interaction of phenoxy acid herbicides with DNA; herbicidal activity of pyrazole derivatives; behavior of herbicides in paddy water and soil after application; and laboratory lysimeter for pesticide transport studies. (Imprint: Nova)



Table of Contents


Productive Degradation of Dichlorprop by Transconjugant Strains Carrying Plasmid Pmc1 of Delftia acidovorans Mc1 with Special Focus on the Activity of Rdpa
(Sabine Leibeling, Karin Glaser, Monika Neytschev, Hauke Harms, Roland H. Müller, UFZ – Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Department of Environmental Microbiology, Leipzig, Germany)

Weeds and their Mechanisms of Resistance to Herbicides
(Félix Morales-Flores, Beatriz King-Díaz, María Isabel Aguilar, Blas Lotina-Hennsen, Departamento de Bioquímica, and Departamento de Farmacia, Facultad de Química, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Delegación Coyoacan, México D. F., México)

Application of 31P-NMR Spectroscopy to Glyphosate Studies in Plants: Insights into Cellular Uptake and Vacuole Sequestration Correlated to Herbicide Resistance
(Xia Ge, D. André d’Avignon, Joseph J.H. Ackerman, Elizabeth Ostrander, R. Douglas Sammons, Departments of Chemistry, Radiology, and Internal Medicine, Washington University, Saint Louis, MO, USA, and others)

Lethal and Sublethal Glyphosate Effects on Non-Target Fish Species: Biomarkers Responses in Cnesterodon decemmaculatus
(Renata J. Menéndez-Helman, Alfredo Salibián, Maria dos Santos Afonso, CONICET-INQUIMAE, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria-Pabellón
Buenos Aires, Argentina, and others)

Phenylurea Herbicides: Chemical Properties and Genotoxic Effects
(Concetta Federico, Matteo Pappalardo, Claudia Giovanna Leotta, Zelica Minniti, Vito Librando, Salvatore Saccone, Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche, Geologiche e Ambientali – Sezione di Biologia Animale “M. La Greca”, University of Catania, Catania, Italy, and others)

Action Mode of Triazines and Toxic Effects on Vertebrates
(G.D.C. Severi-Aguiar, E.C.M. Silva-Zacarin, F.D. Campos-Pereira, A.A. Alves, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Biomédicas, Centro Universitário Hermínio Ometto, UNIARARAS, Jd. Universitário, Araras, São Paulo, Brazil, and others)
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Photolysis Experiments on Alloxydim Herbicide and Biological Response of its Transformation Product
(P. Sandín-España, B. Sevilla-Morán, M. Villarroya-Ferruz, J.L Alonso-Prados, I. Santín-Montanyá, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Madrid, Spain, and others)

Glyphosate-Resistant Weeds in Southern Europe: Current Status, Control Strategies and Future Challenges
(Demosthenis Chachalis, Ilias S. Travlos, Benaki Phytopathological Institute, Laboratory of Weed Science, Athens, Greece, and others)

Herbicide Paraquat Genotoxicity-Enhancement by the Phenolic Antioxidants Dl-α-Tocopherol and 2,6-Di-Tert-Butyl-P-Cresol
(Hideki Hanada, Institute for Amphibian Biology, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Japan)

Glyphosate Adsorption in a Soil Depth Profile
(H. Tévez, M. dos Santos Afonso, Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Nacional de Santiago del Estero, and INQUIMAE, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales- Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires, Argentina)

Adsorption-Desorption Processes and Mobility of (4-Chloro-2-Methylophenoxy) Acetic Acid (MCPA) in Irish Grassland Soils
(A.A. Piwowarczyk, N.M. Holden, UCD Bioresources Research Centre / Biosystems Engineering, UCD School of Biosystems Engineering, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland)

Pesticides and Cancer: Studies on the Interaction of Phenoxy Acid Herbicides with DNA
(Sofia Benfeito, Jorge Garrido, M.J. Sottomayor, Fernanda Borges, E. Manuela Garrido, Departamento de Engenharia Química, Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto (ISEP), Instituto Politécnico do Porto, Porto, Portugal, and others)

Synthesis, Structure and Herbicidal Activity of Pyrazole Derivatives
(Yuhan Zhou, Xiaoliang Dong, Jingping Qu, State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, School of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, P. R. China)

Behavior of Herbicides in Paddy Water and Soil after Application
(Kuniaki Kawata, Tomohiro Kose, Faculty of Applied Life Sciences, Niigata University of Pharmacy and Applied Life Sciences, Higashijima, Akiha-ku, Niigata, Niigata, Japan)

A Laboratory Lysimeter for Pesticide Transport Studies
(A.A. Piwowarczyk, N.M. Holden, UCD Bioresources Research Centre / Biosystems Engineering, UCD School of Biosystems Engineering, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland)


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