Handbook of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Chemistry, Occurrence and Health Issues


Guilherme C. Bandeira (Editor)
Henrique E. Meneses (Editor)

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications, Environmental Remediation Technologies, Regulations and Safety
BISAC: SCI013000

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are high molecular weight, aromatic compounds containing two or more benzene rings joined together in different ways. They belong to a group of persistent organic pollutants (POPs); are resistant to degradation; and can remain in the environment for long periods with the potential to cause adverse environmental and health effects. This book discusses the chemistry, occurrence and health issues related to PAHs. Topics include PAHs in foods and herbal medicines; biomonitoring of PAHs by pine needles; thermodynamics and phase behavior of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons mixtures; occurrence of polycylic aromatic hydrocarbons in cephalopods; children environmentally exposed to PAHs and at risk of genotoxic effects; analysis of PAHs in environmental solid samples; the chemical and electronic properties of PAHs; and the determination of PAHs in drinking water sources. (Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Environmental Fate of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Emitted from Indoor Burning of Fuel Biomass in Poorly Ventilated Households: A Case Study in the Traditional Rural Households in Western Kenya
(Fred Ayodi Lisouza, P. Okinda Owuor, Joseph O. Lalah, Department of Chemistry, Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya, and others)

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Foods and Herbal Medicines: Analysis and Occurrence
(Hiroyuki Kataoka, Atsushi Ishizaki, School of Pharmacy, Shujitsu University, Nishigawara, Okayama, Japan)

Biomonitoring of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Pine Needles: Levels and Trends in Southern Europe
(Nuno Ratola, José Manuel Amigo, Sílvia Lacorte, Damià Barceló, Elefteria Psillakis, Arminda Alves, LEPAE, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, and others)

Investigation on Biodegradation of a Model Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) Compound – Anthracene (ANT) – by Fusarium solani MAS2 Isolated from Mangrove Sediments
(Yi-Rui Wu, Zhu-Hua Luo, L.L.P. Vrijmoed, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, and others)

Sources, Distributions and Forensic Applications of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria: An Overview
(B.O. Ekpo, E.P. Fubara, V.E. Etuk, Environmental and Petroleum Geochemistry Research Group (EPGRG), Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria, and others)

Thermodynamics and Phase Behavior of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Mixtures
(James W. Rice, Jinxia Fu, Eric M. Suuberg, Brown University School of Engineering, Providence, Rhode Island, USA, and others)

Occurrence of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbrons in Cephalopods
(Simone Morais, Filipa Gomes, Maria João Ramalhosa, Cristina Delerue-Matos, Maria Beatriz Prior Pinto Oliveira, REQUIMTE, Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto, R. Dr. António Bernardino de Almeida, Porto, Portugal, and others)

Children Environmentally Exposed to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons are at Risk of Genotoxic Effects
(M. Sánchez-Guerra, B. Quintanilla-Vega, Departamento de Toxicología, Cinvestav-IPN, México, D.F., México)

Hydroxylated Nitro Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds: Atmospheric Occurrence and Health Impacts (Takayuki Kameda, Ayuko Akiyama, Akira Toriba, Ning Tang, Kazuichi Hayakawa, Institute of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan)

Analysis of PAHs in Environmental Solid Samples
(Nobuyasu Itoh, National Metrology Institute of Japan (NMIJ), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan)

Exposure to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and the Associated Health Risks in Schoolchildren: A Review
(Marta Oliveira, Klara Slezakova, C. Delerue-Matos, Maria do Carmo Pereira, Simone Morais, LEPAE, Departamento de Engenharia Química, Faculdade de Engenharia, Universidade do Porto, R. Dr. Roberto Frias, Porto, Portugal, and others)

Chemical and Electronic Properties of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: A Review
(Sergio Manzetti, FJORDFORSK Environmental and Health Sciences, Flåm, Norway)

Mutagenic Potential and Profile of PAHs in Soils Contaminated by Wood Preservatives: Effects on the Environment and on Human Health
(Vera Maria Ferrão Vargas, Roberta de Souza Pohren, Flávio da Silva Júnior Souza, Jorge Willian Moreira, Jocelita Vaz Rocha, Cristiani Rigotti Vaz, Daniel Derrossi Meyer, Karen Leal, Programa de Pesquisas Ambientais, Fundação Estadual de Proteção Ambiental Henrique Luís Roessler (FEPAM), Avenida Salvador França, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, and others)

Phase Behavior and Thermochemical Properties of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and their Derivatives
(Jinxia Fu, James W. Rice, Eric M. Suuberg, Brown University, Department of Chemistry, and School of Engineering, Providence, Rhode Island, USA)

PAH-DNA Adducts in Non-Smoking Inhabitants of Mexico City
(W.A. García-Suástegui, A. Huerta-Chagoya, M.M. Pratt, K. John, P. Petrosyan, J. Rubio, M.C. Poirier, M.E. Gonsebatt, Department of Genetic Medicine and Environmental Toxicology, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico City, México and others)

Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Drinking Water Sources
(Sandra Sanches, Joana Ricardo, Maria C. Leitão, Maria T. Barreto Crespo, Vanessa J. Pereira, Instituto de Biologia Experimental e Tecnológica, Oeiras, Portugal, and others)


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