Halophytes: Identification, Characterization and Uses


Rolando Tucker (Editor)

Series: Plant Science Research and Practices
BISAC: SCI011000

Areas with high agricultural potential include arid zones, which make up 43% of the world’s total area. In these areas the scarce precipitation and the high salinity of the soils represent a limitation for the development of conventional agriculture. For this reason, it is essential to guide the efforts of research to generate agricultural technologies that allow us to optimize the productivity of those areas. Halophytes have a wide diversity of plant forms and have been regarded as a rich source of potential new crops.

Next, the nutritional profile of four promising species of chenopodiaceae family are collected from saline areas of Iran were evaluted by standard methods. The nutrient content of four halophyte plants indicate that they have high nutritive and dietary values, so these medicinal plants can be used as a major source of minerals and natural nutrients in food and fodder, based on their crude protein, fat, fiber, carbohydrate, vitamins and minerals in sufficient amount.
The physiological mechanisms underlying the ability of halophytes to grow well under saline soils are explored. Additionally, several theories of growth stimulation mechanisms advocated in the past and presumed mechanisms of growth stimulation are discussed in the context of the latest reports.

The authors go on to review the potential of halophytes for various uses in the Mediterranean area and assess how a knowledge of their cellular machinery can help to determine the best species and genotypes for their applied uses.
Following this, the ancient and present-day uses of halophytes in Portugal are presented and discussed, focusing on their traditional uses and biological activities. The review concludes by suggesting future requirements and perspectives for further exploitation of these species within the context of sustainability and climate change.

In southern parts of Iran for combating dust storm, people have started growing halophyte plants and trees such as Tamarix with drainage water. C. tubulosa which is collected from the central plateau of Iran has shown a high amount of K, Mg, S, Ca and P and antioxidant capacity as well as six important phenylethanoid glycoside substrates. Cistanche could be recommended to improve the economy of the area and employment, which can also encourage the local people to plant more trees and protect them.


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Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Identifying and Categorizing Halophytes
(Betzabe Ebenhezer López Corona, Iram Mondaca Fernández, Pablo Gortáres Moroyoqui, María Mercedes Meza Montenegro, José de Jesús Balderas Cortés, Juan Manuel Vargas López and Edgar Omar Rueda Puente, Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora, Ciudad Obregón, Sonora, México, and others)

Chapter 2. Nutritional Profiles of Four Species of Chenopodiaceae Halophytes
(S. Ahmadi Ghasem Kheyli, M. Salehi, PhD, A. Fazeltabar Malekshah, PhD, and M. Zaroudi, Fanavaran Giyah Gostar Kimiya Company, Tabarestan Technology Incubator, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran)

Chapter 3. Physiological Characteristics of Halophyte Growth under Salinity Conditions and Presumed Mechanisms of Growth Stimulation Induced by Moderate NaCl Application
(Shinsuke Mori, NARO, Western Region Agricultural Research Center, Nishi-Fukatsucho, Fukuyama, Hiroshima, Japan)

Chapter 4. Halophytes in the South Mediterranean: Understanding their Mechanisms of Survival and Exploring their Uses
(Hilary Rogers and Faiza Hamdani, School Biosciences, Cardiff University, Sir Martin Evans Building, Park Place, Cardiff, UK, and others)

Chapter 5. Halophytes Uses in Portugal: A Review
(Ana Cortinhas, Ana D. Caperta, Luísa Custódio and Maria Manuela Abreu, Linking Landscape, Environment, Agriculture and Food, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal, and others)

Chapter 6. Cistanche tublulosa Could Be Considered as Medicinal Plant in Halophytes Farming
(M. Salehi, PhD, S.H. Esmailzadeh, PhD, S. Ahmadi Ghasem Kheyli, A. Fazeltabar Malekshah, MPH, PhD, and M. Zaroudi, PhD, National Salinity Research Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Yazd, Iran, and others)



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