Growth, Hormones and Milk in Infancy Breastfeeding Versus Formula-Feeding


Francesco Savino, Maria Fissore and Stefania A. Liguori (Editors)
University of Turin, Italy

Series: Nutrition and Diet Research Progress
BISAC: MED060000

Nutrition and growth during infancy are an emerging issue at this time because they may be linked to metabolic health disorders in later life. Evidences from multiple observational studies have shown a relationship between breastfeeding and reduced risk of obesity, in particular a longer duration of breastfeeding may be associated dose dependently with a decrease in risk of overweight in later life. Of actual interest are differences between breast- and formula-fed infants as concerns nutrient intake, protein and growth patterns.

It is already known that human milk is a source of different nutrients and biological compounds, especially hormones and growth factors such as insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), leptin, ghrelin and adiponectin, which are involved in food intake regulation and energy balance. This new book reviews findings which support a possible short and long term influence of early nutrition on programming of metabolic development and growth (Imprint: Nova Biomedical)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents



Nutritional Programming

Growth Pattern of Breast Fed and Formula Fed Infants

Breastfeeding and Prevention of Childhood Obesity


Leptin in Breast Milk


Ghrelin in Breast Milk


Adiponectin in Breast Milk

Insulin-Like Growth Factor-I




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