Green Care: For Human Therapy, Social Innovation, Rural Economy and Education

Christos Gallis (Editor)
Forest Research Institute, Vassilika, Thessaloniki, Greece

Series: Public Health in the 21st Century, Health Care in Transition
BISAC: MED078000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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Today, in a global level, the health sector and social services need alternatives to traditional medical treatment, therapy, rehabilitation, and work training.

Green care is the use of agricultural farms and the biotic and abiotic elements of nature for health and therapy-promoting interventions as a base for promoting human mental and physical health, as well as quality of life.

Animals, plants, crops, gardens, forests, and the landscape are used in recreational or work-related activities for: Psychiatric patients, mentally disabled persons, people with learning disabilities, depression and burnout problems, or a drug and alcohol addiction history, including youth and elderly people, young offenders, prisoners, people effected by natural disasters, and social service clients. Green care practices may be also useful for everyone who wants to maintain a health and quality life, and for students for on farm education.

“Green care” as a base for promoting mental and physical health, through normal farming activity and is a growing movement to provide health, social or educational benefits through farming for a wide range of people. Provide services on a regular basis for participants who attend the farm or the forest activities regularly as part of a structured care, rehabilitation, therapeutic or educational programme. Green care provides “care”. Green care is a new multidisciplinary science.

Besides science and practice, Green Care is a Global Innovative Movement with health, care, social, economical, educational, and political dimensions.

This book presents up-to-data scientific knowledge in Green care, its definitions and theories, and findings to show the beneficial effects of Green care on human health and well being. Also, presents the social, political, economical, and educational aspects of Green care. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical )


Part I - Introduction-Origins, Definitions, and Theories of Green Care

Chapter 1. What is Green Care? Introduction, History, and Origins (Christos Gallis, Forest Research Institute, Hellenic Agriculture Organization-Demeter, GR, Vassilika, Thessaloniki, Greece)

Chapter 2. Green Care: Origins and Activities
(Joe Sempik and Rachel Bragg, School of Sociology and Social Policy, The University of Nottingham University Park, Nottingham, UK, and others)

Chapter 3. Explaining Green Care: Theories and Constructs
(Joe Sempik and Anna A. Adevi, School of Sociology and Social Policy, The University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG, RD, UK, and others)

Part II - Effects of Green Care on Human Health: Current Scientific Research Results

Chapter 4. Introducing Green Care Research
(Dorit Haubenhofer, Luisa Demattio and Sigrid Geber, University College for Agrarian and Environmental Education, Angermayergasse, Vienna, Austria, and others)

Chapter 5. Benefits of Animal-assisted Interventions for Different Target Groups in a Green Care Context
(Bente Berget, Ingeborg Pedersen, Marie-Jose Enders-Slegers, Andrea Beetz, Silke Scholl and Geza Kovács, Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway, and others)

Chapter 6. Effects of Green Care Farms on Different Client Groups: Experiences from the Netherlands
(Simone de Bruin, Reina Ferwerda-van Zonneveld, Marjolein Elings and Jan Hassink, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Centre for Nutrition, Prevention and Health Services, Bilthoven, the Netherlands, and others)

Chapter 7. Therapeutic Horticulture in a Green Care Context for Clinical Depression: Cognitive Benefits and Active Components
(Marianne Thorsen Gonzalez, Diakonhjemmet University College, Institute of Nursing and Health, Oslo, Norway)

Chapter 8. Benefits of Forest and Forest Environment on Human Health in a Green Care Context: An Introduction to Forest Medicine
(Qing Li, Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Nippon Medical School, Sendagi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan)

Part III - Social, Political, and Educations aspects of Green care

Chapter 9. Social Aspects of Green Care
(Chris Leck, Dominic Upton and Nick Evans, Department of Psychological Sciences, Institute of Health and Society, The University of Worcester, Henwick Grove, Worcester, UK, and others)

Chapter 10. Policies and Strategies of Green Care in Europe
(Thomas van Elsen and Roberto Finuola, PETRARCA - European Academy for the Culture of Landscape/ University of Kassel, Dept. of Organic Farming and Cropping, Witzenhausen, Germany, and others)

Chapter 11. Political Cultures Reflected in the Social Recognition of New Practices: A Comparison of Green Care Farming in Austria and the Netherlands
(Renate Renner and Dorit Karla Haubenhofer, Department of Geography and Regional Science, Karl-Franzens-University Graz, Heinrichstrasse, Graz, Austria, and others)

Chapter 12. Structure and Economics of Green Care in the Netherlands
(Gabe Venema, Harold van der Meulen, Wim Zaalmink, Aide Roest, Dora Lakner and Jakob Jager, LEI Wageningen UR, Department Agriculture & Entrepreneurship, Den Haag, the Netherlands, and others)

Chapter 13. Learning on Green Care Farms
(Dorit Haubenhofer, Christos Gallis, Frances Harris, Linda Jolly, Michael Kaufmann, Erling Krogh, Kirsti Salo, Johanna Schockemöhle, Pia Smeds and Georg Wiesinger, University College for Agrarian and Environmental Education, Angermayergasse, Vienna, Austria, and others

Part IV - Green Care in the World: Practice and Trends in Europe, Japan, and U.S.

Chapter 14. The Development and Diversity of Green Care across Europe
(Jan Hassink, Plant Sciences Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, AA Wageningen, the Netherlands)

Chapter 15. Green Care in Japan
(Masahiro Toyoda, Graduate School of Landscape and Management, University of Hyogo, Awaji Landscape Planning & Horticulture Academy (ALPHA), Nojima-Tokiwa, Awaji, Hyogo Pref., Japan)

Chapter 16. Green Care: Farming for Health in the U.S.A.
(Paula Diane Relf, Professor Emeritus, Department of Horticulture, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA)


"While the connection between horticulture and human health has been known for most of human history only recently have researchers begun to systematically examine this connection from the perspective of Western science and institutions. The edited collection of articles, Green Care for Human Therapy, Social Innovation, Rural Economy and Education, assembled by Gallis Christos, includes a wide-ranging collection of recent scientific research on the links between horticulture and society, through the lens of what has come to be known as ‘green care.’" READ MORE... - Matthew DelSesto, doctoral researcher in Sociology at Boston College and a horticultural therapist, USA

"Green Care: For Human Therapy, Social Innovation, Rural Economy and Education,edited by Christos Gallis, is a compilation of writing from all over the world about the importance of nature on human health and in therapy. Although Green Care is not a new concept, this work sparks new ways of thinking about issues surrounding it." READ MORE... - Naomi Rombaoa, Project Coordinator at the Center on Disability Studies, University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, USA

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