Grapevines at a Glance

Josephine Estrada (Editor)

Series: Food Science and Technology
BISAC: TEC012000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Grapevines at a Glance first presents the results of a morphological and genetic characterization, as well as chemical characterization, of some of the most important indigenous grapevine varieties in the central Balkan, such as: Vranac, Krstač, Smederevka, Prokupac, Žilavka, Plavac Mali, and Istrian Malvasia.

Following this, a characterization of the Prokupac variety of grape is presented by means of ampelographic and molecular analysis, as well as chemical characteristics.

The authors investigate the efficiency of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy scanning to detect differences in the chemical composition, gross energy, in vitro apparent digestibility and relative feed value of leaves and green pruning residues of eleven red grapevine cultivars and five white grapevine cultivars.

Additionally, it is determined that the nutritive value for ruminants and the content of bioactive compounds and related antioxidant capacity for humans depends on the grapevine cultivars. These leaves are rich in bioactive compounds and might provide a significant source of dietary bioaccessible polyphenols with high antioxidant capacity.

The differences between the chemical composition, gross energy and in vitro apparent digestibility of the grapevine and grapevine leaves of five varieties of red grapevine and of five varieties of white grapevine are explored.

The closing study focuses on how microbial communities associated with vineyards points to the existence of patterns of microbial distribution across viticultural areas, suggesting a microbiological component of the terroir concept.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Characterization of Grapevine Varieties Indigenous to the Balkans Region
(Dragana Č. Dabić Zagorac, Slavica R. Todic, Vera S. Rakonjac, Milica M. Sredojević and Maja M. Natić, Innovation Center of the Faculty of Chemistry, Belgrade, Serbia, and others)

Chapter 2. Characterization and Clonal Selection of Serbian Autochthonous Variety Prokupac (Vitis vinifera L.)
(Milica M. Sredojević, Slavica R. Todić, Nebojša R. Marković, Dragana Č. Dabić Zagorac and Maja M. Natić, Innovation Center of the Faculty of Chemistry, Belgrade, Serbia, and others)

Chapter 3. Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy (NIRS) Evaluation of the Nutritive Value of Leaf and Green Pruning Residues of Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.)
(Pier Giorgio Peiretti, Giorgio Masoero and Sonia Tassone, Institute of Sciences of Food Production, National Research Council, Grugliasco, Italy, and others)

Chapter 4. Nutritive Value, Total Phenolic Content, and Radical Scavenging Activity before and after Digestion of the Leaves of Six Grapevine (Vitis Vinifera L.) Cultivars
(Pier Giorgio Peiretti, Letricia Barbosa-Pereira, Giuseppe Zeppa and Sonia Tassone, Institute of Sciences of Food Production, National Research Council, Grugliasco, Italy, and others)

Chapter 5. Nutritive Value of Leaves and Pruning Residues of Red and White Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) Varieties
(Pier Giorgio Peiretti and Sonia Tassone, Institute of Sciences of Food Production, National Research Council, Grugliasco, Italy, and others)

Chapter 6. Yeast Biodiversity in Vineyard Ecosystems: From Biogeography to Oenology
(João Drumonde-Neves, Célia Pais and Ricardo Franco-Duarte, Centre of Molecular and Environmental Biology, Department of Biology, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal, and others)

Index

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