Gold Mining: Formation and Resource Estimation, Economics and Environmental Impact


Melanie D. Corral (Editor)
Jared L. Earle (Editor)

Gold, a chemical element with the symbol Au, is a highly sought-after precious metal, having been used as money, in jewelry, in sculpture, and for ornamentation since the beginning of recorded history. The metal occurs as nuggets or grains in rocks, in veins and in alluvial deposits. Gold mining consists of the processes and techniques employed in the removal of gold from the ground. There are several techniques by which gold may be extracted from the Earth. Since the 1880s, South Africa has been the source for a large proportion of the world’s gold supply, with about 50% of all gold ever produced having come from South Africa. Other major producers are the United States, Australia, China, Russia and Peru. The world’s oceans also hold a vast amount of gold, but in very low concentrations. At current consumption rates, the supply of gold is believed to last 45 years. This book will present current research on gold mining including methodologies for discovering new deposits of gold as well as economic and environmental issues.

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Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Understanding Formation Mechanisms of Gold Deposits by Means of Computational Geoscience Methodology pp. 1-32
(Chongbin Zhao, Computational Geosciences Research Centre, Central South University, Changsha, China)

Chapter 2. An Outlook of Gis Applications In Mineral Resource Estimation pp. 33-62
(Wei Zhou, Department of Geology and Geological Engineering, Colorado School of Mines Golden, CO, USA)

Chapter 3. The Influence of Gold Mining Industry on the Pollution of Roºia Montana District pp. 63-89
(Anca-Iulia Stoica, Raluca-Mariana Florea, George-Emil Baiulescu, Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Bucharest, Romania)

Chapter 4. Economic Evaluation of Gold Mining Projects: From Static Discounted Cash Flow to Real Options pp. 91-109
(Sabry A. Abdel Sabour, Graham Wood, Amec Americas Ltd., Canada)

Chapter 5. Gold Mining in Ghana pp. 111-136
(Benony K. Kortatsi, Thomas M. Akabzaa, CSIR-Water Research Institute, Accra, Ghana, and others.)

Chapter 6. Environmental Impact and Health Risk of Gold Mining in Ghana pp. 137-144
(Alfred A. Duker, Kwame Nkrumah, University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana)

Chapter 7. Hydrothermal Alteration Geochemistry of the Betam Gold Deposit, South Eastern Desert, Egypt: Mass-Volume-Mineralogical Changes and Stable Isotope Systematics* pp. 145-185
(Basem A. Zoheir, Nedal N. Qaoud, Department of Geology, Benha Faculty of Science, Benha, Egypt and others)

Chapter 8. Evolving Economic Marginality and Local Economic Development Responses in Selected South African Gold and Coal Mining Areas* pp. 187-197
(E. Nel, J.A. Binns, Rhodes University, South Africa, and others)

Chapter 9. Phytochelatins in the Wild Plants from Guanajuato City – An Important Silver and Gold Mining Center in Mexico* pp. 199-212
(Kazimierz Wrobel, Julio Alberto Landero Figueroa, Katarzyna Wrobel, Instituto de Investigaciones Cientificas, Univ. de Guanajuato, L. de Retana, Mexico)


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