Globalization and International Security: An Overview

Teresa Rodrigues (Editor)
Portuguese Institute of International Relations (IPRI) – NOVA University, Lisbon, Portugal

Rafael Garcia Perez (Editor)
International Relations, The University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain

Susana de Sousa Ferreira (Editor)

Series: Defense, Security and Strategies
BISAC: POL033000

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Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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In a globalized world, the international economic crisis that started in 2008 has led to structural changes in the international system and in the balance of power, in several terms: from a unipolar to a multipolar sphere; from the ‘post-modern state’ to the ‘sovereign state’; from unrestricted integration in the global economy to the independent management of economy itself; and, from trade integration at a global level to the fragmentation of the economic space in regional areas.

In short, the transition from a unipolar to a multipolar trend seems to be reflected in the increasing fragmentation of the economic space and has repercussions in the strategic space and security. These changes are also affecting the ‘discourse’ that explains the process of globalization and the appropriate strategies to act in it.

Maybe until 2007 we could talk about a ‘Western model’. But now this is a lot more questionable, and we might even talk of an outright censorship. The rise of emerging powers leads to the construction of a new ‘narrative’ adapted to the values that these countries embody, among them the strength and suitability to the principles derived from the sovereign state. A scenario where it is increasingly difficult to adopt the tenets of globalizing governance.

Our aim is to overview all these structural transformations and assess those changes in the different areas taken into account in this book. We also aim to address possible alternatives, which may allow a coordinated management of certain risks, although regionally differentiated.

We hope this book can be useful to the academic community, both graduate and post-graduate students, professors and researchers of International Relations and Political Science. Armed Forces and other security services, as well as decision makers in the areas of economics, social and security public policies and other readers can find in this book an overview of some major contemporary challenges, resulting from the link between security and the globalization process. (Imprint: Nova)

Acknowledgments

Notes on Contributors

List of Abbreviations

Introduction
Teresa Ferreira Rodrigues, Rafael García Pérez and Susana de Sousa Ferreira

Part I: Risks and Opportunities

Chapter 1 - Globalization, Crisis and Security – What Will be the Map of Global Rivalries in the Horizon 2030? (pp. 3-14)
José Félix Ribeiro (IPRI - Portuguese Institute of International Relations, Portugal)

Chapter 2 - Global Governance Failure (pp. 15-30)
Rafael García Pérez (Santiago de Compostela’s University, Spain)

Part II: Human Perspectives

Chapter 3 - Population Dynamics: Demography Matters (pp. 33-48)
Teresa Ferreira Rodrigues (NOVA University of Lisbon, Portugal)

Chapter 4 - International Migrations, Security and Identity (pp. 49-74)
Miguel Requena (National University of Distance Learning, Spain)

Chapter 5 - Reconceptualizing the Human Rights Heritage: Challenges and Prospects on the Responsibility to Protect (pp. 75-90)
Ana Isabel Xavier (NOVA University of Lisbon, Portugal)

Part III: Exogenous Issues

Chapter 6 - Climate Risks: Theory, Data and the Global Governance of Climate Change (pp. 93-124)
Lara Lázaro Touza and Michel Zoghby (CES Cardinal Cisneros, Spain)

Chapter 7 - Fight for Natural Resources: The Geography of Wars (pp. 125-144)
Américo Zuzarte Reis (Institute of Geography and Spatial Planning, University of Lisbon, Portugal)

Chapter 8 - Energy Security: Concepts, Shifting Energy Landscape and Main Players in the 21st Century (pp. 145-164)
Catarina Mendes Leal (International Relations Department of the Authority for Food and Economic Safety, Portugal)

Part IV: New Security Threats

Chapter 9 - 167Cyber Threats, Strategic Impact and Legal Framework of Conflicts in Cyberspace (pp. 167-180)
Paulo Fernando Viegas Nunes (Military Academy, Portugal)

Chapter 10 - Transnational Terrorism and Diffused Risks in a Globalized World (pp. 181-194)
Susana de Sousa Ferreira (IPRI - Portuguese Institute of International Relations, Portugal)

Chapter 11 - Globalization and the Threats of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation (pp. 195-208)
Francisco Galamas and Francisco Proença Garcia (National Defense Institute (Portugal); Portuguese Army, Portugal)

Chapter 12 - Globalization and Challenges for Intelligence Analysis (pp. 209-220)
Helena Rêgo (Portuguese Intelligence Academy, Portugal)

Index

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