Global Political Economy after the Crisis: Theoretical Perspectives and Country Experiences

Sadık Ünay (Editor)
İstanbul University, Faculty of Economics, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Istanbul, Turkey

Series: Economic Issues, Problems and Perspectives
BISAC: POL040020

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The established structural parameters of the global political economy underwent a profound transformation following the global economic crisis which triggered a paradigmatic change in terms of both the theoretical underpinnings and practical formulations of mainstream approaches to macroeconomic management and development. Neither the industrialized nor the newly industrializing economies were immune from the tumultuous impact of the ever-deepening global crisis, as a result of which a series of non-conventional policy responses were developed and swiftly implemented by policy makers across a wide range of policy areas. Counter-cyclical fiscal policies and stimulus packages to spur dwindling growth, heterodox monetary and central banking policies to rescue financial institutions in distress, strategic trade policies to maintain international competitiveness and market share become increasingly widespread. Neo-Keynesian emergency measures almost became the global norm, rather than the exception, in most of the leading global economic powers; thereby substantially increasing the relative emphasis in the economic importance and role of the state in the post-crisis period.

Against this critical global background, this collection represents the manifestation of a brave effort by a fledgling group of political economy experts from Turkey striving to explore the nature of the multilayered structural transformations triggered by the global economic crisis in the established institutions, norms, policy patterns, and theoretical tenets of the modern global political economy. The collection contains articles that present general analyses pertaining to theoretical and practical issues pertinent to the post-crisis transformation of the global political economy; as well as interesting country case studies illuminating the positive and negative features of national experiments with crisis-management in emerging economies. The authors seek to reply to the critical question of how the global governance structures, theoretical perspectives used to legitimize them, national policy patterns, and public policy attitudes affecting crisis response strategies were influenced by the unprecedented impact of the global economic crisis.

The collection includes innovative pieces of analysis that looks at the ascendancy of multipolarity in the global system and perceptive changes on the BRICS; the shifting natures of macroeconomic management, central banking and global governance architecture through the empowerment of global platforms such as the G20; the fate of the developmental state in East Asia after the global crisis; the crisis-exit performances of emerging economic powers such as China, India, Brazil and Turkey; post-crisis methods of economic adjustment across East Asia in Japan, China and Korea; the potential of new metropoles such as Shanghai to emerge as international financial centers; the dynamics influencing the level of gold reserves held by central banks; changes in Cuba along with the world economy; and energy security in the Persian Gulf.

This book carries the promise of offering the readers a fresh and insightful analysis on both the theoretical and practical manifestations of the ongoing structural transformation in the global system from an inclusive international political economy (IPE) perspective that liberally draws from the disciplines of political science, economics, history, international relations and sociology. As such, it will attract the attention of scholars, academics and intellectuals contemplating the future trajectory of the global political economy after the crisis; as well as policy makers and practitioners focusing on the “global shift” towards emerging economies. (Imprint: Nova)

List of Abbreviations

List of Figures and Tables

Introduction

Chapter 1.

Multipolarity and the BRICS: Global Power Shift Arguments in Perspective

Sadik Ünay (Istanbul University, Faculty of Economics, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Istanbul, Turkey)

Chapter 2.

New Perspectives on Central Banking in the Post-Crisis Era

Mustafa Yaðci (Bilgi University, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey)

Chapter 3.

Whither Developmental State in East Asia

K. Ali Akkemik and Murad Tiryakioðlu (Kadir Has University, Department of Economics, Istanbul, Turkey, and others)

Chapter 4.

Can "Make in India" Make It? The Case for a Stronger Manufacturing Base for Sustainable Growth

Altay Atli (Istanbul Policy Center at Sabancý University, Istanbul, Turkey)

Chapter 5.

Brazilian Economic Policy in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis

Mevlüt Tatliyer (Istanbul Medipol University, Department of Economics and Finance, Istanbul, Turkey)

Chapter 6.

Cuba: A Unique Player in the World Economy

Evren Celik Wiltse (South Dakota State University, Brookings, United States)

Chapter 7.

Disruptive Force, Indispensable Partner, or Arch Rival? Perceptive Changes in China’s Global Role

Sadik Ünay (Istanbul University, Faculty of Economics, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Istanbul, Turkey)

Chapter 8.

A Beijing Consensus in the Making: The Rise of Chinese Initiatives in the International Political Economy and Implications for Developing Countries

Mustafa Yaðci (Bilgi University, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey)

Chapter 9.

Macroeconomic Adjustment in Asia after the Global Financial Crisis: Japan, Korea, and China

K. Ali Akkemik and Onur Özdemir (Kadir Has University, Department of Economics, Istanbul, Turkey, and others)

Chapter 10.

Energy Security and Future of the Persian Gulf

Muharrem Hilmi Özev (Istanbul University, Faculty of Economics, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Istanbul, Turkey)

Chapter 11.

The Role of G20 in Shaping the Global Financial Architecture

Nurullah Gür (Istanbul Medipol University, School of Business and Management Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey)

Chapter 12.

Global Governance, Middle Powers and the G20: The Case of the Turkish Presidency

Sadik Ünay (Istanbul University, Faculty of Economics, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Istanbul, Turkey)

Chapter 13.

Changing Politics of the Global Trade Regime: EU-Turkey Trade Relations in Context

Mustafa Yaðci (Bilgi University, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey)

Chapter 14.

Evaluating Shanghai’s Potential as a Global Financial Center

Xin Zhao (Center for Chinese Studies, Istanbul Aydin University, Istanbul, Turkey)

Chapter 15.

Gold Reserves Held by Central Banks: A Comparison of Advanced and Emerging Economies

Beyza Oktay and Zehra Vildan Serin (Department of Economics, ÝIstanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey, and others)

About the Editor

List of Contributors

Index

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