Global Cybercrime and Cybersecurity Laws and Regulations: Issues and Challenges in the 21st Century


Shahid M. Shahidullah, PhD (Author), Carla D. Coates, PhD (Author), Dorothy Kersha-Aerga, PhD (Author)

Series: Cybercrime and Cybersecurity Research
BISAC: COM053000

Global Cybercrime and Cybersecurity Laws and Regulations: Issues and Challenges in the 21st Century is a timely addition to the growing and much-desired literature on cyber laws and regulations. Cybersecurity students and policymakers alike will find this volume brilliantly informative. Cybercrimes are predicted to inflict damages over $10 trillion annually by 2025. The book brings a global perspective to the complex nature of cybercrime by covering many emerging laws of criminalizing cybercrime in ten countries, including the United States, China, Russia, Japan, Singapore, India, and the countries of the European Union. However, more remarkable about this book is its expansive ways of synthesizing and integrating many of the evolving global research on cybercrime and cybersecurity in the context of a diverse set of countries and nations.” – Kuldeep Rawat, Ph.D., Thorpe Endowed Professor and Dean, School of Science, Aviation, Health, and Technology, Chief Research Officer, Elizabeth City State University (ECSU), Elizabeth City, North Carolina, USA

“This book serves as a valuable source of information for those wanting to learn more about emerging cybersecurity and cybercrime concerns and the domestic and global legal and regulatory response.” – Phil Mann, J.D., Faculty, School of Cybersecurity and Senior Lecturer, Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA

“This book Global Cybercrime and Cybersecurity Laws and Regulations: Issues and Challenges in the 21st Century is clearly written and free from geeky jargon and addresses the critically important interplay between cybersecurity and globalization. The book covers Africa, Asia, North America, and the European Union, a treasure trove of cyber laws and cybercrimes. The students interested in the field, professionals, and the public will find it immensely useful.” – Habib H. Khondker, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Social Sciences, College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Zayed University, Abu Dhabi

Global Cybercrime and Cybersecurity Laws and Regulations: Issues and Challenges in the 21st Century will be a superb reference for cyber professionals exploring the evolving trends in digitalization and the evolution of cyber laws and regulations across the world. The book has examined some of the vital issues that are currently debated in the literature on cyberspace and digitalization, such as internet governance, data globalization, data localization, cyber sovereignty, digital incivility, and cyberwar. The book is also a unique blueprint for organizations developing cybersecurity programs.” Ali A. Khan, Ph.D., Professor and Former Provost and Vice-Chancellor for Academic Affairs, Elizabeth City State University, North Carolina, USA

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Table of Contents




Authors’ Biographies

Chapter 1. The Birth of Cyber Space, Global Cybercrime, and the Imperatives for Global Cyber Laws and Regulations

Chapter 2. The Four Decades of Evolution of Cybercrime and Federal Cybersecurity Laws and Policy Developments in the United States, 1980-2020

Chapter 3. Localization and Globalization of Digital Data: The Evolving Laws and Regulations in the U.S., Canada, and the European Union

Chapter 4. The Governance of the Internet in Authoritarian Regimes: Isolation, Control, and Censorship in Russia and China

Chapter 5. Evolution of Cyber Laws and Regulations in Nigeria: Local and Global Responses to Cybercrime and Cybersecurity in the African Region

Chapter 6. Cybercrime and the Evolving Cyber Laws and Regulations in the Asia-Pacific Region: China, Japan, and Singapore

Chapter 7. Evolution of Cybercrime and Cybersecurity Laws and Regulations in the African Region: A Comparative Study of South Africa and Nigeria

Chapter 8. Cyber Violence Against Women and Girls: A Comparative Study of the Evolution of Global Cyber Laws and Regulations in the U.S., European Union, and India

Chapter 9. Cybercrime and the Evolving Cyber Laws and Regulations in South Asia: India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh

Chapter 10. Governing the Global Internet: The Perspective of Sovereign Internet, and the Reincarnation of Cold War Politics




The global Internet and cyberspace age witness a new generation of cybercriminals, hackers, cybergangs, cyber terrorists, and cyber sexual harassers. This phenomenon, broadly defined as cybercrimes, is the focus of this book. The International Telecommunication Union’s Global Cyber Security Index found that about 90 percent of the world’s countries have enacted laws and regulations to control and combat cybercrime. This book has examined some of those cyber laws and regulations in 12 countries, including the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, China, Russia, Japan, Singapore, Nigeria, South Africa, India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Different chapters of this book have found some common themes. First, in most of the countries of the world, there is an advancing process of legally criminalizing cybercrimes, including such behaviors as unauthorized access, use, and interception; damage and deletion of computer data; damage and destruction of computer networks; and dissemination and transportation of illegally obtained computer data. Second, there is high sensitivity in all countries studied about the security of the information infrastructure and their critical economic, political, and social infrastructures such as power plants, chemical industries, aviation systems, and electoral systems. Third, all forms of cybercrime committed by using the computer and the Internet are also defined as fraud and forgery, identity theft, cyber espionage, sexual harassment, cyber sexual extortion, online child pornography, and revenge pornography. One of the more critical themes that emerged is that no country defines cybersecurity as just a technical matter—a matter only of coding and decoding and encryption and decryption. Cybersecurity is also broadly perceived as a legal, political, organizational, and educational issue. It is perceived as a matter to be dealt with by a government in cooperation with international partners, potentially barring China and Russia. One of the other themes that emerged as a genuine concern is the rapid escalation of cyber sexual violence against women and minors. In most countries examined in this book, the policymakers and law enforcement believe that social media is partly responsible for increasing cyber sexual violence.

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