Germanium: Characteristics, Sources and Applications

Edward E. Feuerstein (Editor)

Series: Geology and Mineralogy Research Developments
BISAC: SCI048000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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Germanium is a relatively scarce element found in the Earth’s crust at a concentration of 0.007% in the form of bromides, chlorides, fluorides, iodides, hydrides, oxides, selenides, sulfides and telurides. It occurs mostly as germanium oxide (GeO2) and germanium tetrachloride (GeCl4). Germanium is widely used as a component in electronic and optical devices and has found several applications in metallurgy, chemotherapy, nanotechnology and catalysis. In this book, the authors present current research in the study of the characteristics, sources and applications of germanium.

Topics include metal-induced crystallization of amorphous germanium and microstructural characteristics; mechanistic analysis of reactions of cyclic ylide-like carbene analogues containing germanium and other heavier group 14 elements; X-ray crystal optics based on germanium single crystals; the effect of oxidation on the properties of germanium-containing catalysts for naphtha reforming; the characterization of Ge epitaxial film on Si(100) substrates using a three-step growth approach; and the synthesis, structure and optical properties of germanium and silicon nanoparticles encapsulated in oxide layers. (Imprint: Nova)


Metal-Induced Crystallization of Amorphous Germanium and Microstructural Characteristics
(Zhiwen Chen, Zheng Jiao, Minghong Wu, Chan-Hung Shek, C. M. Lawrence Wu and Joseph K. L. Lai, Shanghai Applied Radiation Institute, School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China, and others)

Mechanistic Analysis of Reactions of Cyclic Ylide-Like Carbene Analogues Containing Germanium and Other Heavier Group 14 Elements
(Ming-Der Su, Department of Applied Chemistry, National Chiayi University, Chiayi, Taiwan)

X-Ray Crystal Optics Based on Germanium Single Crystals
(D. Korytár, P. Vagovič, C. Ferrari, P. Šiffalovič, Institute of Electrical Engineering, SAS, Bratislava, Slovakia, and others)

Effect of Oxidation Step on the Properties of Germanium-Containing Catalysts for Naphtha Reforming
(Maria do Carmo Rangel, Karla C. S. Conceição, Javier Mario Grau, Carlos L. Pieck, Vanina A. Mazzieri, Jose L.G. Fierro, Luciene S. Carvalho, GECCAT Grupo de Estudos em Cinética e Catálise, Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Campus Universitário de Ondina, Federação, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, and others)

Characterization of Ge Epitaxial Film on Si (100) Substrate Using a Three-Step Growth Approach
(Y.H. Tan and C.S. Tan, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore)

Synthesis, Structure and Optical Properties of Germanium and Silicon Nanoparticles Encapsulated in Oxide Layers
(Takeo Oku, Department of Materials Science, The University of Shiga Prefecture, Hassaka, Hikone, Shiga, Japan)


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