Gender Equality: An International Perspective


Tanusree Chakraborty, PhD – Associate Professor, Rajalakshmi School of Business, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Nandita Mishra, PhD – Professor & Dean, MITCON Institute of Management, Balewadi, Pune, India
Dezy Kumari, PhD – Assistant Professor, Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi, University Enclave, New Delhi, India
Ashok Natarajan, PhD – Professor & Program Head, Rajalakshmi School of Business, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Samrat Ray, PhD – Assistant Professor, Calcutta Institute of Engineering and Management, Kolkata, India

Series: Gender Issues and Challenges; Women’s Issues
BISAC: SOC032000; SOC028000; BUS109000

This book is an exploration of various facets of women’s advancement and empowerment in the modern world. It delves into a range of topics, shedding light on the challenges women face and offering insightful strategies for change. From science education and healthcare organizations to entrepreneurship and decision-making styles, it examines global implications and highlights the need for gender equality. The book begins by focusing on the status of women in science education in the 21st century, with a special reference to Nigeria. It delves into the barriers hindering girls’ access to education, particularly in rural areas, and investigates the consequences of this gender gap. By examining the unique challenges faced by Nigerian women, valuable insights are provided that can be applied to similar contexts globally. Moving on, the book explores gender differences in employee engagement and managing diversity in healthcare organizations. It also delves into the globally relevant issue of the glass ceiling effect on women in managerial positions. By addressing the underlying causes and offering strategies for breaking through the glass ceiling, the book advocates for gender parity in leadership roles worldwide. Furthermore, the book investigates gender differences in personality profiles and cognitive dimensions of students with diverse professional academic orientations. The book also analyzes gender perspectives on employability skills among teachers and explores the role of microfinance in women’s economic empowerment worldwide. This provides valuable insights into how microfinance programs can be designed and implemented to effectively support women’s economic empowerment globally. With comprehensive case studies and empirical research, the book addresses various facets of gender inequality, including access to education, workplace dynamics, entrepreneurship, decision-making, and economic empowerment. It presents a collection of global perspectives, highlighting the challenges, strategies, and implications for women’s advancement in modern society. This thought-provoking book inspires action, fosters dialogue, and advocates for gender equality, aiming to create an inclusive and equitable world where women thrive and reach their full potential.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Women in Leadership: Examining the Underrepresentation of Women in Leadership Positions across Sectors and Advocating for Gender-Balanced Representation in Decision-Making Roles
Malabika Tripathi¹, PhD and Oindrila Ghosh²
¹Moulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, West Bengal, India
²University of Sussex, United Kingdom

Chapter 2.
Employee Engagement and Gender Differences: Managing Diversity in Healthcare Organizations of West Bengal
Shravana Bardhan¹ and Shamima Haque², PhD
¹Dinabandhu Andrews Institute of Technology and Management, Kolkata, India
²School of Management Studies, Techno Main, Salt Lake, Kolkata

Chapter 3. Women in Science Education in the 21st Century with Special Reference to Nigeria
Tope Gloria Olatunde-Aiyedun¹, PhD, Tanusree Chakraborty², PhD, and Nandita Mishra³, PhD
¹Institute of Education, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria
²Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad, India
³Chetana’s Institute of Management & Research, Mumbai, India

Chapter 4. A Study of Gender Differences in the Personality Profile of Students with Different Professional Academic Orientation
Jhilli Das (Tewary)¹, PhD and Nilanjana Sanyal², PhD
¹Department of Psychology, St. Xavier’s University. Kolkata, West Bengal, India
²Department of Psychology, University of Calcutta, West Bengal, India

Chapter 5. Gender Differences in Cognitive and Social Dimensions of Household Division of Work
in Malaysia
Pallabi Bakshi¹, Bagisha Jha², and Ankita Misra Dasgupta³
¹Senior Manager – Diversity, Equity and Inclusion, Tata Motors, Mumbai, India
²Lead DEI, Mahindra Finance, Mumbai, India
³Freelance Trainer, Soft Skills and Organizational Behaviour, West Bengal, India

Chapter 6. Gender Perspectives on Employability Skills among Teachers
Renu Bala
Research Scholar, Department of Business Administration, Chaudhary Devi Lal University, Sirsa, India

Chapter 7. A Comparative Study on Decision-Making Styles among Men and Women Healthcare Employees in Mumbai
Mrinali Tikare¹, PhD, Indira Singh², PhD, and Ankita Suvarna³
Chetana’s Institute of Management and Research, Mumbai, India

Chapter 8. Effectuation Theory in Decoding Gender Gaps in Women Entrepreneurship Strategy in Asian and European Countries
Samrat Ray, PhD
Dean and Head of International Relations, IIMS Pune, India

Chapter 9.
(Re)investigating Freedom and Dignity of Women with Reference to Mahasweta Devi’s Breast Stories and Geetha Ilangovan’s Wear Dupatta, Girl Friend
Daisy Gohain¹, PhD and K. Devi Meenakshi²
¹Department of Social Sciences and Languages (SSL), VIT University, Chennai, India
²Lady Doak College, Madurai, India

Chapter 10. Gender Diversity in Indian Company Boardrooms: A Study with Reflections on Tokenism, Glass Ceiling, and Family Affiliation
Rozy Lasker¹ and Amit Majumder²
¹Department of Commerce, Bhairab Ganguly College, Belghoria, Kolkata, India
²Department of Commerce, Bijoy Krishna Girls’ College, Howrah, India

Chapter 11.
Gendering Psycho-Social Vulnerabilities in the Indian Context
Aritra Chatterjee¹ and Tilottama Mukherjee², PhD
¹ATOM EI, Kolkata, India
²University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India

Chapter 12. The Status of Women Employees: Disharmony at the Workplace
Debleena Kumar, PhD
Bijoy Krishna Girls’ College, Howrah, India

Chapter 13.
Microfinance: Assessing the Role in Women’s Empowerment Worldwide – A Concise Literature Review
Tanusree Chakraborty
Globsyn Business School, Kolkata, India

Chapter 14. Gender and Citizenship: Analyzing the Dilemmas of Women in the National Register of Citizens in Assam
Debasreeta Deb
University of Otago, Otago, New Zealand

Chapter 15. Women’s Economic Empowerment: Exploring Strategies to Promote Entrepreneurship and Create Equal Opportunities for Women in the Global Workforce
Soujanya Devarakonda, Roshan Anand, and Tanusree Chakraborty
Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad, India

Chapter 16. Gender Discrepancies in Household Labor: An Embedded Stereotype
Sankalita Mukherjee¹ and Tilottama Mukherjee²
¹Victoria Institution (College), Kolkata, India
²University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India

Chapter 17. Nurturing Equality: A Case Study of Kolkata Anandam for Equality and Justice (KAEJ) in Terms of LGBTQ+ Advocacy and Impact
Soma Roy¹ and Tanusree Chakraborty²
¹Kolkata Anandam for Equality and Justice (KAEJ), Kolkata, India
²Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad, India


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