Gait Biometrics: Basic Patterns, Role of Neurological Disorders and Effects of Physical Activity

Li Li, PhD and Matthew Holmes (Editors)
Department of Health and Kinesiology, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA, USA

Series: Human Anatomy and Physiology
BISAC: SCI036000

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$179.00

Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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This book discusses gait, the control of gait and how different pathological conditions may affect gait, with a unique application of a gait study reviewed at the end. We first discuss methodology issues related to gait quantification and interpretations of different gait-related measures and their theoretical relevancy and clinical applications. The effects of different pathological conditions on gait were then discussed, using diabetic peripheral neuropathy, Parkinson’s disease, concussions and lower back pain as examples.

A current understanding of how anatomical alternation, central nervous system lesions or the loss of a limb affects gait have been reviewed in two different chapters. Postural control of gait has been examined from both central and peripheral perspectives, while stationary and while walking. The neuromuscular system and how it helps to control an inherently unstable postural system is also discussed, as well as the introduction of the common theories of postural control during standing and walking.

The last chapter of the book introduces a novel use of gait studies – gait biometrics were used as a unique identification of any individual based upon their specific characteristics. A person’s gait may uniquely identify them and be used to help control access or in surveillance. The book summarizes our current understanding of gait and gait studies. It can be used for college courses, post-graduate studies, as a reference to clinicians or anyone else who is interested in the human gait and gait studies. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical )

Chapter 1. Introduction to Gait Biometrics
(Barry Munkasy, Department of Health and Kinesiology, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA, USA)pp,1-4

Chapter 2. A Review of Developments in Gait Asymmetry Quantification
(Timothy A. Exell, School of Electronics and Computer Science, University of Southampton, UK)pp,5-16

Chapter 3. Patterned Variability in Gait Behavior: How Can it be Measured and what does it Mean?
(Christopher K. Rhea and Adam W. Kiefer, Department of Kinesiology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC, USA, and others)pp,17-44

Chapter 4. Biomechanical and Physical Activity Considerations for Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy
(Ryan T. Crews and Sai V. Yalla, Center for Lower Extremity Ambulatory Research (CLEAR), Scholl College of Podiatric Medicine at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, IL, USA)pp,45-64

Chapter 5. Gait in Parkinson’s Disease
(Jan M. Hondzinski, Zahra Kadivar and Mia Frances B. Hegwood, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA, and others)pp,65-102

Chapter 6. Gait Analysis of Two Incomplete Spinal Cord Syndromes: Central Cord and Brown Sequard
(S. Pérez-Nombela, A. Gil-Agudo, L. Garcés-Pérez and D. Torricelli, Biomechanics and Technical Aids Unit and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Spinal Cord Injury Hospital, SESCAM, Toledo, Spain, and others)pp,103-116

Chapter 7. The Effects of Altered Lower Limb Mechanics as a Result of Amputation on Gait and Posture and the Implications for Falls
(Natalie Vanicek, Discipline of Exercise and Sport Science, Faculty of
Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Australia)pp,117-140

Chapter 8. Concussion and Gait
(Thomas Buckley, Department of Health and Kinesiology, Georgia Southern University, GA, USA)pp,141-164

Chapter 9. Biomechanical and Neuromuscular Control Factors in Determining Gait Differences in Individuals with and without Lower Back Pain
(Michael W. Olson, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, IL, USA)pp,165-190

Chapter 10. Feedforward and Feedback Control for Gait and Balance
(Shuqi Zhang and Li Li, Department of Kinesiology, Louisiana State University, LA, USA, and others)pp,191-206

Chapter 11. Biometric Encryption for Gait Recognition
(A.M. Hamel, J.M.R. Berrigan, C. Klempner, J. Rulloda, B. Vollbrecht, S. Yee and S.D. Perry, Departments of of Physics and Computer Science,
and Kinesiology and Physical Education, Wilfrid Laurier University,
Waterloo, Ontario, Canada)pp,207-214

Index pp,217-228

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