Gadolinium and Terbium: Chemical and Optical Properties, Sources and Applications


Lorrie P. Wilder (Editor)

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications
BISAC: TEC021000

Terbium (Tb) is a soft, malleable, silvery white rare earth metal. It is primarily used in solid state devices, crystal stabilizer in fuel cells, sensor devices and in sonar systems. 70% of the world supply of Terbium is used in the television sets as green phosphors. The other practical applications of Tb include as an additive in magneto-restrictive alloys which changes length when subjected to a magnetic field. Gadolinium (Gd) is a metal ion with paramagnetic properties.

This characteristic of Gd makes it particularly suitable for use as a contrast agent in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Gadolinium imaging has become an essential tool in the non-invasive evaluation of cardiovascular pathologies. Its current uses range from ischemia detection, viability assessment, cardiomyopathy study and non-invasive angiography, and its diagnostic and prognostic value has been demonstrated in multiple studies. This book discusses the chemical properties of both Tb and Gd, as well as the sources in which they can be found, and how they can be used. (Imprint: Nova)



Table of Contents


Chapter 1 – The Effects of Processing on the Phase, Structure and Properties of Thick Gd2O3 Films Deposited by Reactive Electron-Beam Physical Vapor Deposition (EB-PVD) (pp. 1-24)
Daniel A. Grave and Douglas E. Wolfe (Materials Science and Engineering Department, The Applied Research Laboratory, Engineering Science and Mechanics Department, Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, USA)

Chapter 2 – The Application of Gd(DTPA)2- Contrast Agent on the Quantitative Measurement of Glycosaminoglycans in Cartilage by Microscopic MRI (pp. 25-44)
ShaoKuan Zheng and Yang Xia (Department of Radiology, UMASS Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA, and others)

Chapter 3 – Application of Gadolinium Magnetic Resonance in Cardiology (pp. 45-74)
A. Doltra and S. Kelle (German Heart Institute Berlin, Department of Internal Medicine/Cardiology, Berlin, Germany)

Chapter 4 – Versatility of Flow-Through Optosensors with Terbium-Sensitized Luminescence Detection: Theory and Applications (pp. 75-104)
A. Ruiz-Medina and E. J. Llorent-Martínez (Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Experimental Sciences, University of Jaén, Campus Las Lagunillas, Jaén, Spain)

Chapter 5 – Terbium-Based Crystals and Transparent Ceramics Phosphors: Fabrication and Applications (pp. 104-126)
Mythili Prakasam and Alain Largeteau (Institut de Chimie de la Matière Condensée de Bordeaux-CNRS, Bordeaux, France)

Chapter 6 – Gadolinium Luminescent Materials Obtained by Spray Pyrolysis, Co-Precipitation, and Non-Hydrolytic Sol-Gel Route: Structure and Optical Properties (pp. 127-162)
Marcela Guedes Matos, Gabriela Simões Freiria, Lídia Resende Oliveira, Emerson Henrique de Faria, Paulo Sérgio Calefi, Katia Jorge Ciuffi, Lucas Alonso Rocha, Eduardo José Nassar, Marc Verelst, Sémiyou A. Osseni and Séverine Lechevallier (Universidade de Franca, Av. Dr. Armando Salles Oliveira, Franca/SP, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 7 – Thermodynamic Study of Mixed-Ligand Complex Formation of Gadolinium(III) Ethylenediaminetetraacetate with Dipeptides in Solution (pp. 163-188)
Dmitrii Pyreu, Eugenii Kozlovskii, Matvey Gruzdev and Roman Kumeev (Department of Inorganic and Analytic Chemistry, Ivanovo State University, Ermak, Ivanovo, Russia, and others)


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