Fungi: Types, Environmental Impact and Role in Disease


Adolfo Paz-Silva (Editor)
Faculty of Veterinary, University of Santiago de Compostela, Lugo, Spain

María Sol Arias Vázquez (Editor)
Faculty of Veterinary, University of Santiago de Compostela, Lugo, Spain

Series: Environmental Health – Physical, Chemical and Biological Factors, Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: NAT022000

Fungi are very interesting organisms actively involved in a great number of environmental processes. Both animals and humans can also be affected by fungi, some of them especially important among immunocompromised individuals. This book provides research on the different types, impact and role in disease of fungi. Some of the topics discussed include gut fungi; carbohydrate uptake and catabolism in fungi; candida species as causative agents in infections; effect of polyene antibiotics on the potential pathogenicity factors in saprophytic micromycetes; and ectomycorrhizal fungi and their role in symbiosis. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical )


Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Section 1: General knowledge on fungi: physiology and pathogenesis

1. Gut Fungi: Classification, Evolution, Life Style and Application
(K. Fliegerova, J. Mrazek, K., Institute of Animal Physiology and Genetics, Czech Academy of Sciences, v.v.i., Prague, Czech Republic; K. Voigt, Jena Microbial Research Collection at the Leibniz Institute for Natural Product Research and Infection Biology and the University of Jena, Institute of Microbiology, Jena, Germany)
Free Download Available 

2. Carbohydrate uptake and catabolism in fungi. Importance of sugar trafficking during plant-host interactions
(Walter A. Vargas, Charles M. Kenerley, Centro Hispano Luso de Investigaciones Agrarias, CIALE. Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca-Spain and others)

3. Fungi: types, environmental impact and role in disease (Gabriela Moreno-Coutiño and Roberto Arenas, Mycology section
and Dermatology Department, “Dr. Manuel Gea González” General Hospital, Mexico City, Mexico)

4. Candida species as causative agents in infections with special emphasis on Candida albicans
(Jack Ho Wong, Tzi Bun Ng, School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, China and Shenzhen Research Institute, Shenzhen, China)

5. Effect of polyene antibiotics on the potential pathogenicity factors in saprophytic micromycetes
(Kuzikova I.L., Medvedeva N.G., Sukharevich V.I., Trosheva T.D., Institution of Russian Academy of Sciences. Saint Petersburg Scientific Research Center for Ecological Safety RAS. ul. Korpusnaya, 18, St. Petersburg, Russia)

6. Ectomycorrhizal fungi and their role in symbiosis
(Minna J. Kemppainen, Alejandro G. Pardo, Laboratorio de Micología Molecular, Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad Nacional de Quilmes (UNQ), and Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET). Roque Sáenz Peña 352, Bernal, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina)

7. Effects of organic P and soil disturbance on symbiotic efficiency of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, and morphological characteristics of the regeneration mycelia after abscission
(Wen Ke Liu, Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Key Lab. for Agro-Environment and Climate Change, Ministry of Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural sciences, Beijing, China)

Section 2: Fungal applications to forest ecosystems

8. The value of mycorrhizal fungi for sustainable and durable soils
(Jacqueline Baar, NCOI, Postbus 447, 1200 AK Hilversum, The Netherlands)

9. Fungi as contributors to cycling of radionuclides in forest ecosystems
(J. Guillén, A. Baeza, LARUEX (Environmental Radioactivity Laboratory), Dpt. Applied Physics, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Extremadura, Avda. Universidad, Cáceres, Spain)

10. Fundamental fungal strategies in restoration of natural environment
(Maja A. Karaman, Milana S. Novakoviæ, Milan N. Matavulj, Microbiology Study Group, Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad (Serbia)
Free Download Available 

11. Arbuscular and ectomycorrhiza fungi: useful biological tool to promote establishment of exotic trees in arid and semi-arid African areas
(Nathalie Diagne, Diegane Diouf, Sergio Svistoonoff, Aboubacry Kane1, Kandioura Noba, Laurent Laplaze, Claudine Franche, Didier Bogusz and Robin Duponnois, Département de Biologie Végétale, Université Cheikh Anta Diop (UCAD), Dakar, Sénégal and others)

12. Disentangling functions of fungal endophytes in forest trees
(Albrectsen, BR and Witzell, J., (Umeå Plant Science Centre, Department of Plant Physiology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden and
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Faculty of Forest Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre, Sweden)
Free Download Available

13. Fungal disease and the diversity and long-term dynamics of forest communities
(Takashi Osono, Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University, Japan)

Section 3: Biological control of livestock parasites by means of fungi

14. The role of fungi in the control of animal parasites – classification, mode of action and practical applications (Madeira de Carvalho, L.M., Bernardo, F.A., Paz-Silva, A., Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar em Saúde Animal, Parasitologia e Doenças Parasitárias, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa (CIISA/FMV/UTL) and others)

15. Biological control of parasites in veterinary medicine (Silvina Fernández, Carlos Saumell, BioNem Research Centre, Guelph, ON, Canada and Área de Parasitología y Enfermedades Parasitarias, Departamento de Sanidad Animal y Medicina Preventiva, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, UNCPBA,Argentina)

16. Restoration of fungal biota in the soil is essential to prevent infection by endoparasites in grazing animals
(M. Arias, J. Suárez, F.J. Cortiñas, I. Francisco, J.L. Suárez, A. Romasanta, C. Cazapal-Monteiro, R. Sánchez-Andrade and A. Paz-Silva, Equine Diseases Study Group (Epidemiology, Parasitology and Zoonoses), Animal Pathology Department, Veterinary Faculty, Santiago de Compostela University, Spain)

17. Nematophagous fungi as control agents of gastrointestinal nematodes in small ruminants
(Gómez-Rincón, C, Valderrábano, J, Uriarte, Health Sciences Faculty, San Jorge University, (Zaragoza), Spain and Animal Health Department, Agrifood Research and Technology Centre of Aragon (CITA) Spain)

18. Helminthiasis control of domestic animals, a new approach to an old problem
(Fabio Ribeiro Braga, Jackson Victor de Araújo, Departamento de Veterinária – Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa Minas Gerais)

Section 4: Fungi in biotechnological processes

19. Biotechnological use of fungi in the control of ruminant parasitic nematodes
P. Mendoza-de-Gives, J.F.J. Torres-Acosta
(Laboratory of Helminthology, National Centre for Disciplinary Research in Veterinary Parasitology (CENID-PAVET-INIFAP) Morelos, Mexico and others)

20. Fundamentals, Diversity and Application of White Rot Fungi (Macie, G.M., Bracht, A., Souza, C.G.M., Costa, A.M., Peralt, R.M., Laboratory of Biochemistry of Microorganisms, Department of Biochemistry, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, PR, Brazil and Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, BA, Brazil)

21. Contributions to research on white-rot fungi, lignin-degrading enzymes, and their industrial and environmental applications
(Laura Levin, Flavia Forchiassin, Laboratorio de Micología Experimental, Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biología Experimental, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de
Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Argentina)

22. White-rot fungi as promising bioremediation agents
(Margarida S. Roriz, Susana Rodríguez-Couto, Francisco Vaz da Costa Marques, Filhos & Ca., S.A., Rua do Pombal, Apartado Guimarães, Portugal and others)


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