Friendship in Cultural and Personality Psychology: International Perspectives


Series: Social Psychology Research Progress
BISAC: PSY017000

Target Audience: The main readership will be scholars and educated laymen interested in psychology, friendship, personality, cultural differences, and/or cross-cultural comparisons. The secondary readership will be professionals working in cross-cultural contexts. These include (not limited to) personnel managers or HR managers, team leaders in international project teams and companies, social workers, teachers etc.

Today’s world is being shaped by migration and globalization at ever increasing rates. As these forces spread, more and more people with different cultural backgrounds and different personalities come into contact and interact with each other. Not only does this phenomenon pertain to how we work and do business together, but it also applies to the people we spend our leisure time with and trust with our private thoughts and feelings: our friends. Insights from cultural and personality psychology into friendship processes are therefore key to understanding and facilitating friendship processes in these current times of diversified multiculturality and accentuated individuality.

The present book presents a selection of current international theoretical perspectives and new empirical insights from scholars in cultural and personality psychology on friendship. Apart from chapters that are primarily from cultural psychology or primarily from personality psychology, there are chapters that apply both perspectives simultaneously as well as two explicitly integrative chapters that integrate the book’s chapters into an overarching theoretical framework. The forty authors of the twenty-four chapters in this book come from twenty-nine locations in fifteen countries from around the world. The present book is therefore a paragon of internationality and diversity in and of itself and may be a stepping stone to future integrative research projects on the phenomenon that we refer to as “friendship” so collectively but that we experience so differently.

Table of Contents

Part 1: Introduction

Chapter 1. Bridging the Gap Between Cultural and Personality Psychology in Research on Friendship: Differences, Potential Symbioses, and Present Contributions
(Tobias Altmann – University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany)

Part 2: Contributions from Cultural Psychology

Chapter 2. The Cultural Psychology of Relationality: Implications for Friendship
(Tuğçe Kurtiş, Ting Ai, Glenn Adams – Prescott College, Prescott, US, et al.)

Chapter 3. Face and Friendship in the United States
(Rebecca Merkin, Elisabeth Gareis – Bernard Baruch College, New York City, US)

Chapter 4. Cross-Group Friendships: Predictors and Implications for Intergroup Relations and Beyond
(Sabahat C. Bagci, Rhiannon N. Turner, Lindsey Cameron – Sabanci University, Istanbul, Turkey, et al.)

Chapter 5. From Interpersonal Friendships in General to Cross-Group Friendships in Particular: Reviewing When and Why They Are Beneficial, When and Why They Are Not
(Hermann Swart – Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa)

Chapter 6. Children’s and Adolescents’ Descriptive and Prescriptive Knowledge about Friendship: Developmental, Cultural and Cohort Comparisons
(Michaela Gummerum, Monika Keller – University of Warwick, Coventry, UK, et al.)

Chapter 7. From Philia to Prejudice: How Friendship Is Shaped and Changed Across Cultures
(Samaneh Naseri – Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany)

Chapter 8. Prejudice Reduction and Intergroup Friendship: A South African Perspective
(Gillian Finchilescu – University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa)

Chapter 9. The Research on Friendship in Latin America: Progress, Challenges, and New Directions
(Diego E. Rodríguez-Cárdenas – Universidad de La Sabana, Chía, Colombia)

Chapter 10. Friendships of Latin American International Students in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru
(Agnaldo Garcia, Victoria García García, Beatriz de Barros Souza – Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, Brazil, et al.)

Chapter 11. Living Through a Pandemic in a Parallel Society: Reflecting on the Impact of COVID on Australia’s International Students
(Catherine Gomes – RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia)

Part 3: Contributions from Personality Psychology

Chapter 12. Do Narcissists have Friends? The Connections Between Narcissistic Personality Features and Friendship Functioning
(Destaney Sauls, Virgil Zeigler-Hill – Oakland University, Rochester, US)

Chapter 13. Laughing Together: The Relationships Between Humor and Friendship in Childhood Through to Adulthood
(Siân E. Jones, Lucy James, Claire Fox, Lydia Blunn – Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK, et al.)

Chapter 14. How Subjective Representations Deviate from Actual Friendship Networks in Relation to Person and Personality Variables
Justin Kügl, Tobias Altmann – University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany)

Chapter 15. Methodological Advances to Studying Similarity Effects in Friendships
(Lukas J. Wolf, Siân E. Jones – University of Bath, Bath, UK, et al.)

Part 4: Contributions Linking Cultural and Personality Psychology

Chapter 16. A Multidimensional Competence in a Multicultural World: Multicultural Personality Construct and Measure
(Cátia Sousa, Gabriela Gonçalves, Joana Santos – Centre for Research in Psychology (CIP/UAL) & University of Algarve, Portugal)

Chapter 17. Unpacking the Interplay Between Multicultural Personality and Cross-Group Friendships in Promoting Positive Outgroup Attitudes
(Liliia Korol – University of Girona, Girona, Spain, et al.)

Chapter 18. Personality Traits and Self-Perceived Development of Friendship in the Course of Migration
(Jean P. Décieux – University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany)

Chapter 19. Ethnic Segregation Due to Opportunities or Preferences? Interethnic Differences in Friendship, Positive Affection, and Time Spent Together
(Zsófia Boda – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland, et al.)

Chapter 20. Personality and Interethnic Relationships: How the Big-Five Personality Traits Affect Friendly and Unfriendly Interethnic Relationships Among Secondary School Students
(Roxy E. C. Damen, Tobias H. Stark – Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, et al.)

Chapter 21. Cross-Group Friendship and Prejudice in Five Central European Countries: The Role of Personality and Situational Factors
(Sylvie Graf, Martina Hřebíčková – Czech Academy of Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic)

Chapter 22. Self-Assertion and Negotiations with Others in Japan
(Mika Hirai – Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan)

Part 5: Integrative Contributions

Chapter 23. Bravo! And Other Musings on Researching Culture, Personality, and Friendship
(Roger Baumgarte – Winthrop University, Rock Hill, US)

Chapter 24. An Integrative Approach to Understanding Friendship: Perspectives from Personality Psychology on an Understudied Relationship
(Marcus Roth – University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany)

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